Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Surface-modified PVA/PVDF hollow fiber composite membrane for air dehumidification


This study focused on the water vapor removal efficiency by the surface-modified poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVA/PVDF) hollow fiber composite membranes with poly(dopamine) (PDA) in the dehumidification process. Two different ways of PDA modification were experimentally investigated and examined in terms of the separation performance of water vapor. A laboratory-scale testing device was set up to measure the water vapor permeance and the water vapor/H2 selectivity. Compared with the pristine PVA/PVDF membrane, the membrane modified using PVA/PDA mixture formed a dense and thin layer with high nitrogen solubility, which was not conducive to improve the water vapor removal efficiency. In contrast, the three-layer PDA–PVA/PVDF-modified membrane with PDA significantly enhanced the dehumidification performance. The influences of modification conditions (PDA concentration and PDA modification time) on the water vapor permeance and water vapor/H2 selectivity of PDA–PVA/PVDF-modified membrane were further studied. The highest water vapor permeance of 2898 GPU was obtained at certain conditions (0.1 g L−1 PDA solution and modification time of 30 min). It was demonstrated that the surface modification with PDA could play an important role in enhancing the hydrophilicity and water vapor/H2 separation performance for PVA/PVDF composite membranes.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12


  1. 1

    Kim KH, Ingole PG, Lee HK (2017) Membrane dehumidification process using defect-free hollow fiber membrane. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:24205–24212

  2. 2

    Mohamad IN, Rohani R, Mastar-Masdar MS, Nor MTM, Jahim JM (2016) Permeation properties of polymeric membranes for biohydrogen purification. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:4474–4488

  3. 3

    Wang DK, Bauer RA, Yan K et al (2018) High selectivity gas separation by interfacial diffusion membranes. Adv Mater Interfaces 6:1–8

  4. 4

    Roy S, Hussain CM, Mitra S (2013) Poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrophilization of porous polypropylene membrane for dehumidification. Sep Purif Technol 107:54–60

  5. 5

    Liang CZ, Chung TS (2018) Robust thin film composite PDMS/PAN hollow fiber membranes for water vapor removal from humid air and gases. Sep Purif Technol 202:345–356

  6. 6

    Wang KL, McCray SH, Newbold DD, Cussler EL (1992) Hollow fiber air drying. J Membr Sci 72:231–244

  7. 7

    Metz SJ, Ven WCVD, Potreck J, Mulder MHV, Wessling M (2005) Transport of water vapor and inert gas mixtures through highly selective and highly permeable polymer membranes. J Membr Sci 251:29–41

  8. 8

    Liu F, Hashim NA, Liu Y, Abed MRM, Li K (2011) Progress in the production and modification of PVDF membranes. J Membr Sci 375:1–27

  9. 9

    Jesswein I, Hirth T, Schiestel T (2017) Continuous dip coating of PVDF hollow fiber membranes with PVA for humidification. J Membr Sci 541:281–290

  10. 10

    Kang GD, Cao YM (2014) Application and modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes—a review. J Membr Sci 463:145–165

  11. 11

    Pei L, Zhao W, Zhang L (2010) Preparation and characterization of porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes for dehumidification with poly(ethylene glycol) as an additive. J Appl Polym Sci 118:2696–2703

  12. 12

    Song J, Meng B, Tan X, Liu S (2015) Surface-modified proton conducting perovskite hollow fibre membranes by pd-coating for enhanced hydrogen permeation. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:6118–6127

  13. 13

    Pan F, Jia H, Jiang Z, Zheng X, Wang J, Cui L (2008) P(AA-AMPS)–PVA/polysulfone composite hollow fiber membranes for propylene dehumidification. J Membr Sci 323:395–403

  14. 14

    Liu YL, Wei YY, Cao Y, Cui X, Jin LW, Zhang LY, Su JC (2018) Development of robust energy-efficient membrane dehumidifier for indoor air humidity control. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 268:012146

  15. 15

    Lee H, Dellatore SM, Miller WM, Messersmith PB (2007) Mussel-inspired surface chemistry for multifunctional coatings. Science 318:426–430

  16. 16

    Wei Q, Zhang F, Li J, Li B, Zhao C (2010) Oxidant-induced dopamine polymerization for multifunctional coatings. Polym Chem 1:1430–1433

  17. 17

    Le NL, Wang Y, Chung TS (2011) Pebax/poss mixed matrix membranes for ethanol recovery from aqueous solutions via pervaporation. J Membr Sci 379:174–183

  18. 18

    Ye Q, Zhou F, Liu W (2011) Bioinspired catecholic chemistry for surface modification. Chem Soc Rev 40:4244–4258

  19. 19

    Xi ZY, Xu YY, Zhu LP, Wang Y, Zhu BK (2009) A facile method of surface modification for hydrophobic polymer membranes based on the adhesive behavior of poly(dopa) and poly(dopamine). J Membr Sci 327:244–253

  20. 20

    Han G, Zhang S, Li X, Widjojo N, Chung TS (2012) Thin film composite forward osmosis membranes based on polydopamine modified polysulfone substrates with enhancements in both water flux and salt rejection. Chem Eng Sci 80:219–231

  21. 21

    Zhang WZ, Jia J, Qiu Y, Pan K (2018) Polydopamine-grafted graphene oxide composite membranes with adjustable nanochannels and separation performance. Adv Mater Interfaces 5:1–8

  22. 22

    Kasemset S, He Z, Miller DJ, Freeman BD, Sharma MM (2014) Effect of polydopamine deposition conditions on polysulfone ultrafiltration membrane properties and threshold flux during oil/water emulsion filtration. Polymer 97:247–257

  23. 23

    Guo H, Yao Z, Wang J, Yang Z, Ma X, Tang CY (2018) Polydopamine coating on a thin film composite forward osmosis membrane for enhanced mass transport and antifouling performance. J Membr Sci 551:234–242

  24. 24

    Wang P, Chung TS (2012) Design and fabrication of lotus-root-like multi-bore hollow fiber membrane for direct contact membrane distillation. J Membr Sci 21–422(Complete):361–374

  25. 25

    Wang P, Chung TS (2014) Exploring the spinning and operations of multibore hollow fiber membranes for vacuum membrane distillation. AlChE J 60:1078–1090

  26. 26

    Su J, Wei YY (2018) Novel tri-bore pvdf hollow fiber membranes for the control of dissolved oxygen in aquaculture water. Water Proc Eng.

  27. 27

    Lanceros-Méndez S, Mano JF, Costa AM, Schmidt VH (2001) FTIR and DSC studies of mechanically deformed beta-PVDF films. J Macromol Sci Phys 40:517–527

  28. 28

    Benz M, Euler WB, Gregory OJ (2002) The role of solution phase water on the deposition of thin films of poly(vinylidene fluoride). Macromolecules 35:2682–2688

  29. 29

    Malaisamy R, Mohan DR, Rajendran M (2010) Polyurethane and sulfonated polysulfone blend ultrafiltration membranes: ii. application studies. Polym Int 52:412–419

  30. 30

    Mansur HS, Oréfice RL, Mansur AAP (2004) Characterization of poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels and pva-derived hybrids by small-angle x-ray scattering and ftir spectroscopy. Polymer 45:7193–7202

  31. 31

    Zangmeister RA, Morris TA, Tarlov MJ (2013) Characterization of polydopamine thin films deposited at short times by autoxidation of dopamine. Langmuir 29:8619–8628

Download references


The authors are grateful for the support by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (xjj2018074), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M631153).

Author information

Correspondence to Jincai Su or Liwen Jin.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

We declare that we do not have any commercial or associative interest that represents a conflict of interest in connection with the work submitted.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liu, Y., Wei, Y., Su, J. et al. Surface-modified PVA/PVDF hollow fiber composite membrane for air dehumidification. J Mater Sci 55, 5415–5430 (2020).

Download citation