Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 11, pp 4820–4829 | Cite as

Hole transporting materials for perovskite solar cells: molecular versus polymeric carbazole-based derivatives

  • Diego Magaldi
  • Maria Ulfa
  • Mai-Phuong Nghiêm
  • Gjergji Sini
  • Fabrice Goubard
  • Thierry PauportéEmail author
  • Thanh-Tuân BuiEmail author
Energy materials


Designing organic hole transporting materials (HTMs) for stable perovskite photovoltaic devices remains a great challenge. Herein, we have prepared two small carbazole-based HTMs bearing a polymerizable double bond and one of the corresponding polymers. All compounds can be easily synthetized by a short procedure from largely available commercial products. These compounds have thermal, morphological, optical and electrochemical properties suitable for an application in perovskite solar cells. The side chains at the N-position on the carbazole have a negligible influence on the opto-electrochemical properties. However, the thermal properties differ largely between the monomer and its corresponding polymer. While these materials have the same photovoltaic performance, the polymeric HTM led to more stable devices. This illustrates the higher thermal stability of polymeric HTM versus its corresponding monomer.



M.U. and D.M. acknowledge the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP) and the Mexican government for their Ph.D. scholarship, respectively.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_4342_MOESM1_ESM.docx (235 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 234 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physicochimie des Polymères et des Interfaces (LPPI)Université de Cergy-PontoiseNeuville-sur-OiseFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris (IRCP), UMR8247Chimie ParisTech, PSL Research UniversityParisFrance
  3. 3.Plateforme Microscopies et Analyses, Fédération Institut des Matériaux (iMAT)Université de Cergy-PontoiseNeuville-sur-OiseFrance

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