Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 10, pp 4372–4381 | Cite as

Porous lithium titanate nanosheets as an advanced anode material for sodium ion batteries

  • Kang Liang
  • Hanna He
  • Yurong RenEmail author
  • Haiyan WangEmail author
  • Yuanhong Liao
  • Xiaobing HuangEmail author
Energy materials
  • 300 Downloads

Abstract

Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have drawn considerable research attention in energy storage systems due to its low cost and the abundance of sodium resource. However, it is still a big challenge to develop advanced anode materials to achieve high-performance SIBs. In this work, we developed porous lithium titanate (Li4Ti5O12) nanosheets by a simple surfactant-regulating hydrothermal method followed by a calcinating process and used as an anode for SIBs. We investigated the effect of hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) on the morphology and electrochemical properties of Li4Ti5O12 in detail and found that the samples regulated by suitable content of CTAB in the synthesis process have a more regular structure and better electrochemical performance. The optimized sample showed high reversible capacities of 158.9 mAh g−1 and 123.2 mAh g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 and 0.5 A g−1, respectively. The superior electrochemical performance may be originated from the unique porous nanosheet structure, which greatly decreases the charge transfer resistance, shortens the ion diffusion path and offers more active sites for sodium storage.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank for funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1607127, No. 91961126 and No. 21576030), the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB0104000), Hunan Provincial Science and Technology Major Project of China (2017GK1040).

Supplementary material

10853_2019_4290_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1967 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Hwang J, Myung S, Sun Y (2017) Sodium-ion batteries: present and future. Chem Soc Rev 46:3529–3614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang L, Yu L, Wang X, Srinivasan M, Xu Z (2015) Recent developments in electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3:9353–9378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang R, Li H, Sun D, Luan J, Huang X, Tang Y, Wang H (2018) Facile preparation of robust porous MoS2/C nanosheet networks as anode material for sodium ion batteries. J Mater Sci 54:2472–2482.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-2991-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ge P, Fouletier M (1988) Electrochemical intercalation of sodium in graphite. Solid State Ion 28:1172–1175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yang L, Li H, Liu J, Tang S, Lu Y, Li S, Min J, Yan N, Lei M (2015) Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets as high-rate and long-life anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3:24446–24452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ge Y, Jiang H, Fu K, Zhang C, Zhu J, Chen C, Lu Y, Qiu Y, Zhang X (2014) Copper-doped Li4Ti5O12/carbon nanofiber composites as anode for high-performance sodium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 272:860–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhao L, Pan H, Hu Y, Li H, Chen L (2012) Spinel lithium titanate (Li4Ti5O12) as novel anode material for room-temperature sodium-ion battery. Chin Phys B 21:028201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun Y, Zhao L, Pan H, Lu X, Gu L, Hu YS, Li H, Armand M, Ikuhara Y, Chen L, Huang X (2013) Direct atomic-scale confirmation of three-phase storage mechanism in Li4Ti5O12 anodes for room-temperature sodium-ion batteries. Nat Commun 4:1870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yu X, Pan H, Wan W, Ma C, Bai J, Meng Q, Ehrlich SN, Hu YS, Yang XQ (2013) A size-dependent sodium storage mechanism in Li4Ti5O12 investigated by a novel characterization technique combining in situ X-ray diffraction and chemical sodiation. Nano Lett 13:4721–4727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang S, Yuan J, Zhu Y, Yi T, Xie Y (2015) Structure and electrochemical properties of Sc3+-doped Li4Ti5O12 as anode materials for lithium-ion battery. Ceram Int 41:7073–7079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gao L, Wang L, Dai S, Cao M, Zhong Z, Shen Y, Wang M (2017) Li4Ti5O12-TiO2 nanowire arrays constructed with stacked nanocrystals for high-rate lithium and sodium ion batteries. J Power Sources 344:223–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu W, Shao D, Luo G, Gao Q, Yan G, He J, Chen D, Yu X, Fang Y (2014) Mesoporous spinel Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles for high rate lithium-ion battery anodes. Electrochim Acta 133:578–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kim K, Kang K, Kim S, Lee Y (2012) Electrochemical properties of TiO2 nanotube-Li4Ti5O12 composite anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Curr Appl Phys 12:1199–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Han S, Young Kim I, Hwang S (2012) Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of 2D nanostructured Li4Ti5O12 with lithium electrode functionality. J Phys Chem Solids 73:1444–1447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Han S, Kim I, Lee S, Hwang S (2012) Electrochemically active nanocomposites of Li4Ti5O12 2D nanosheets and SnO2 0D nanocrystals with improved electrode performance. Electrochim Acta 74:59–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu Z, Xu G, Wei X, Yang L (2016) Highly-crystalline lanthanide doped and carbon encapsulated Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets as an anode material for sodium ion batteries with superior electrochemical performance. Electrochim Acta 207:275–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mendoza-Sánchez B, Gogotsi Y (2016) Synthesis of two-dimensional materials for capacitive energy storage. Adv Mater 28:6104–6135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Haetge J, Hartmann P, Brezesinski K, Janek J, Brezesinski T (2011) Ordered large-pore mesoporous Li4Ti5O12 spinel thin film electrodes with nanocrystalline framework for high rate rechargeable lithium batteries: relationships among charge storage, electrical conductivity, and nanoscale structure. Chem Mater 23:4384–4393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ge H, Chen L, Yuan W, Zhang Y, Fan Q, Osgood H, Matera D, Song X-M, Wu G (2015) Unique mesoporous spinel Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 297:436–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chen W, Jiang H, Hu Y, Dai Y, Li C (2014) Mesoporous single crystals Li4Ti5O12 grown on rGO as high-rate anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Chem Commun 50:8856–8859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang D, Shan Z, Tian J, Chen Z (2019) Understanding the formation of ultrathin mesoporous Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets and their application in high-rate, long-life lithium-ion anodes. Nanoscale 11:520–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    He H, Huang D, Pang W, Sun D, Wang Q, Tang Y, Ji X, Guo Z, Wang H (2018) Plasma-induced amorphous shell and deep cation-site S doping endow TiO2 with extraordinary sodium storage performance. Adv Mater 30:e1801013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang H, Jiang Y, Qi Z, Zhong X, Yu Y (2018) Sulfur doped ultra-thin anatase TiO2 nanosheets/graphene nanocomposite for high-performance pseudocapacitive sodium storage. Energy Storage Mater 12:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Koketsu T, Ma J, Morgan B, Body M, Legein C, Dachraoui W, Giannini M, Demortiere A, Salanne M, Dardoize F, Groult H, Borkiewicz O, Chapman K, Strasser P, Dambournet D (2017) Reversible magnesium and aluminium ions insertion in cation-deficient anatase TiO2. Nat Mater 16:1142–1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang Q, He H, Luan J, Tang Y, Huang D, Peng Z, Wang H (2019) Synergistic effect of N-doping and rich oxygen vacancies induced by nitrogen plasma endows TiO2 superior sodium storage performance. Electrochim Acta 309:242–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Naldoni A, Allieta M, Santangelo S, Marelli M, Fabbri F, Cappelli S, Bianchi CL, Psaro R, Dal Santo V (2012) Effect of nature and location of defects on bandgap narrowing in black TiO2 nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 134:7600–7603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sha Y, Li L, Wei S, Shao Z (2017) Appraisal of carbon-coated Li4Ti5O12 acanthospheres from optimized two-step hydrothermal synthesis as a superior anode for sodium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 705:164–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu Y, Liu J, Hou M, Fan L, Wang Y, Xia Y (2017) Carbon-coated Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles with high electrochemical performance as anode material in sodium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 5:10902–10908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhang Q, He H, Huang X, Yan J, Tang Y, Wang H (2018) TiO2@C nanosheets with highly exposed (0 0 1) facets as a high-capacity anode for Na-ion batteries. Chem Eng J 332:57–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sun D, Zhu X, Luo B, Zhang Y, Tang Y, Wang H, Wang L (2018) New binder-free metal phosphide–carbon felt composite anodes for sodium-ion battery. Adv Energy Mater 8:1801197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jeong J, Kim M, Kim Y, Roh K, Kim K (2016) High-rate Li4Ti5O12/N-doped reduced graphene oxide composite using cyanamide both as nanospacer and a nitrogen doping source. J Power Sources 336:376–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    He H, Gan Q, Wang H, Xu G, Zhang X, Huang D, Fu F, Tang Y, Amine K, Shao M (2018) Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries. Nano Energy 44:217–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yun B, Du H, Hwang J, Jung H, Sun Y (2017) Improved electrochemical performance of boron-doped carbon-coated lithium titanate as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 5:2802–2810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ni H, Fan L (2012) Nano-Li4Ti5O12 anchored on carbon nanotubes by liquid phase deposition as anode material for high rate lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 214:195–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yi T, Fang Z, Deng L, Wang L, Xie Y, Zhu Y, Yao J, Dai C (2015) Enhanced electrochemical performance of a novel Li4Ti5O12 composite as anode material for lithium-ion battery in a broad voltage window. Ceram Int 41:2336–2341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhao F, Xue P, Ge H, Li L, Wang B (2016) Na-doped Li4Ti5O12 as an anode material for sodium-ion battery with superior rate and cycling performance. J Electrochem Soc 163:A690–A695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hui Y, Cao L, Xu Z, Huang J, Ouyang H, Li J (2016) Mesoporous Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles synthesized by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method for high rate lithium-ion batteries. J Electroanal Chem 763:45–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovoltaic Science and EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical Power Sources, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for the Construction & Development of Dongting Lake Ecological Economic Zone, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Treatment Functional Materials, Hunan Province Engineering Research Center of Electroplating Wastewater Reuse Technology, College of Chemistry and Materials EngineeringHunan University of Arts and ScienceChangdePeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations