Advertisement

Controllable preparation of graphene-based film deposited on cemented carbides by chemical vapor deposition

Abstract

The aim was to study the controllable preparation of graphene-based films on the cemented carbide with different cobalt content. The graphene-based film was deposited on the surface of cemented carbide by homemade chemical vapor deposition. Every film’s composition was analyzed by the Raman spectrum, and the influence of the cobalt content and methane flow rate on all kinds of film’s formation was studied, and the formation mechanism of the graphene-based film on cemented carbide surface was summarized. Multilayer graphene film or graphene and amorphous carbon mixed film could be generated by regulating the methane flow when the cobalt content of the cemented carbide is 8–20 wt%. The composition, content, and thickness of the graphene-based film are restricted by the methane flow rate and the cobalt’s content. Direct growth is the main cause of the formation of graphene coating; the infiltration and precipitation of carbon are the secondary cause.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13

References

  1. 1

    Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov S et al (2004) Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896

  2. 2

    Bolotin KI, Sikes KJ, Jiang Z et al (2008) Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended grapheme. Solid State Commun. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024

  3. 3

    Thongrattanasiri S, Koppens F, García de Abajo F (2012) Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene. Phys Rev Lett. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.047401

  4. 4

    Balandin AA, Ghosh S, Bao W et al (2008) Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene. Nano Lett. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0731872

  5. 5

    Wei W, Tian A, Jia F et al (2016) Green synthesis of GeO2/graphene composites as anode material for lithium-ion batteries with high capacity. RSC Adv. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra14819k

  6. 6

    Wei W, Fang-Fang J, Ke-Feng W et al (2017) SnS2/graphene nanocomposite:a high rate anode material for lithium ion battery. Chin Chem Lett 28:324–328

  7. 7

    Liu M, Yin X, Ulin-Avila E et al (2011) A graphene-based broadband optical modulator. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10067

  8. 8

    Yan K, Fu L, Peng H et al (2013) Designed CVD growth of graphene via process engineering. Acc Chem Res. https://doi.org/10.1021/ar400057n

  9. 9

    Edwards RS, Coleman KS (2013) Graphene film growth on polycrystalline metals. Acc Chem Res. https://doi.org/10.1021/ar3001266

  10. 10

    Dimiev A, Kosynkin DV, Sinitskii A et al (2011) Layer-by-layer removal of graphene for device patterning. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1199183

  11. 11

    Lu X, Yu M, Huang H et al (1999) Tailoring graphite with the goal of achieving single sheets. Nanotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/10/3/308

  12. 12

    Van Bommel A, Crombeen J, Van Tooren A (1975) Leed and auger electron observations of the SiC(0001) surface. Surf Sci. https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(75)90419-7

  13. 13

    Forbeaux I, Themlin JM, Charrier A, Thibaudau F et al (2000) Solid-state graphitization mechanisms of silicon carbide 6H–SiC polar faces. Appl Surf Sci. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-4332(00)00224-5

  14. 14

    Li N, Wang Z, Zhao K, Shi Z et al (2010) Large scale synthesis of N-doped multi-layered graphene sheets by simple arc-discharge method. Carbon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2009.09.013

  15. 15

    Shen J, Hu Y, Shi M et al (2009) Fast and facile preparation of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide nanoplatelets. Chem Mater. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm901247t

  16. 16

    Liu N, Fu L, Dai B et al (2011) Universal segregation growth approach to wafer-size graphene from non-noble metals. Nano Lett. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl103962a

  17. 17

    Cai J, Ruffieux P, Jaafar R et al (2010) Atomically precise bottom-up fabrication of graphene nanoribbons. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09211

  18. 18

    Jürgen K, Böbel M, Günther S (2016) Suppressing graphene nucleation during CVD on polycrystalline Cu by controlling the carbon content of the support foils. Carbon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.09.048

  19. 19

    Chaitoglou S, Bertran E (2016) Control of the strain in chemical vapor deposition-grown graphene over Copper via H2 flow. J Phys Chem C. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b07055

  20. 20

    Chaitoglou S, Bertran E (2017) Effect of temperature on graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition. J Mater Sci. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1054-1

  21. 21

    Chaitoglou S, Bertran E (2016) Effect of pressure and hydrogen flow in nucleation density and morphology of graphene bidimensional crystals. Mater Res Express. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/3/7/075603

  22. 22

    Ziwei X, Tianying Y, Guiwu L et al (2015) Large scale atomistic simulation of single-layer graphene growth on Ni(111) surface: molecular dynamics simulation based on a new generation of carbon-metal potential. Nanoscale. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5nr06016h

  23. 23

    Salifairus MJ, Abd Hamid SB, Soga T et al (2016) Structural and optical properties of graphene from green carbon source via thermal chemical vapor deposition. J Mater Res. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2016.200

  24. 24

    Kwon YH, Kumar S, Bae J et al (2018) CVD-graphene for low equivalent series resistance in rGO/CVD-graphene/Ni-based supercapacitors. Nanotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aab236

  25. 25

    Zhiyu Z, Carnevali V, Jugovac M et al (2018) Graphene on nickel(100) micrograins: modulating the interface interaction by extended moiré superstructures. Carbon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2018.01.010

  26. 26

    Li X, Cai W, Colombo L et al (2009) Evolution of graphene growth on Ni and Cu by carbon isotope labeling. Nano Lett. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl902515k

  27. 27

    Ye DX, Pimanpang S, Jezewski C et al (2005) Low temperature chemical vapor deposition of co thin films from Co2(CO)8. Thin Solid Films. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.03.046

  28. 28

    Ramon ME, Gupta A, Corbet C et al (2011) Graphene field-effect transistors using large-area monolayer graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition on Co thin films. In: Device research conference. https://doi.org/10.1109/drc.2011.5994446

  29. 29

    Ago H, Ito Y, Mizuta N et al (2010) Epitaxial chemical vapor deposition growth of single-layer graphene over cobalt film crystallized on sapphire. ACS Nano. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn102519b

  30. 30

    Mehedi HA, Baudrillart B, Alloyeau D et al (2016) Synthesis of graphene by cobalt-catalyzed decomposition of methane in plasma-enhanced CVD: optimization of experimental parameters with taguchi method. J Appl Phys. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4960692

  31. 31

    Jun Y, Wei T, Feng J et al (2012) One step synthesis of nanoparticles of cobalt in a graphitic shell anchored on graphene sheets. Carbon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.co.2012.01.029

  32. 32

    Macháč P, Ondřej Hejna, Slepička P (2017) Graphene growth by transfer-free chemical vapour deposition on a cobalt layer. J Electr Eng Technol. https://doi.org/10.1515/jee-2017-0011

  33. 33

    Sein H, Ahmed W, Rego CA et al (2003) Chemical vapour deposition diamond coating on tungsten carbide dental cutting tools. J Phys Condens Matter. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/15/39/019

  34. 34

    Qingquan T, Nan H, Bing Y et al (2017) Diamond/β-SiC film as adhesion-enhanced interlayer for top diamond coatings on cemented tungsten carbide substrate. J Mater Sci Technol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2017.06.005

  35. 35

    Seok KJ, Min PY, Ki BM et al (2018) Cutting performance of tungsten carbide tools coated with diamond thin films after etching for various times. Mod Phys Lett B. https://doi.org/10.1142/s0217984918502366

  36. 36

    Sahoo B, Chattopadhyay AK (2002) On effectiveness of various surface treatments on adhesion of HF-CVD diamond coating to tungsten carbide inserts. Diam Relat Mater. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-9635(02)00137-1

  37. 37

    Yunqi L (2017) Graphene: from basics to applications. Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, pp 2–27

  38. 38

    Berman D, Erdemir A, Sumant AV (2013) Few layer graphene to reduce wear and friction on sliding steel surfaces. Carbon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.co.2012.11.061

  39. 39

    Kim KS, Lee HJ, Lee C et al (2011) Chemical vapor deposition-grown graphene: the thinnest solid lubricant. ACS Nano. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn2011865

  40. 40

    Yan C, Kim KS, Lee SK et al (2012) Mechanical and environmental stability of polymer thin-film-coated graphene. ACS Nano. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn203923n

  41. 41

    Das A, Chakraborty B, Sood AK (2008) Raman spectroscopy of graphene on different substrates and influence of defects. Bull Mater Sci. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-008-0090-5

  42. 42

    Ferrari AC, Robertson J (2001) Resonant Raman spectroscopy of disordered, amorphous, and diamondlike carbon. Phys Rev B. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.64.075414

  43. 43

    Xiangping C, Lili Z, Shanshan C (2015) Large area CVD growth of graphene. Synth Met. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2015.07.005

  44. 44

    Zeller P, Henß Ann-Kathrin, Weinl M et al (2016) Detachment of CVD-grown graphene from single crystalline Ni films by a pure gas phase reaction. Surf Sci. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2016.06.014

  45. 45

    Shumin W, Liang Q, Cuimei Z et al (2013) A growth mechanism for graphene deposited on polycrystalline Co film by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. New J Chem. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3nj41136b

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports by the Key Science and Technology Program of Henan Province, China (Grant No. 192102210017), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51505434), the Young Talents Lifting Project of Henan Province in 2019 (2019HYTP034), as well as the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51475222), and the Science Foundation of Luoyang Key Laboratory of Advanced Manufacturing and Cutting Tools.

Author information

Correspondence to Bin Li.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liu, K., Ren, E., Ma, J. et al. Controllable preparation of graphene-based film deposited on cemented carbides by chemical vapor deposition. J Mater Sci 55, 4251–4264 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10853-019-04268-z

Download citation