Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 10, pp 4238–4250 | Cite as

2D/2D WO3·H2O/g-C3N4 heterostructured assemblies for enhanced photocatalytic water decontamination via strong interfacial contact

  • Longfei Li
  • Daixun Jiang
  • Xilu Wu
  • Xun Sun
  • Xiaofei Qu
  • Liang ShiEmail author
  • Fanglin DuEmail author
Chemical routes to materials
  • 158 Downloads

Abstract

A strong interfacial contact of heterostructured photocatalysts plays a key role in charges migration, thus promoting photocatalytic performance. Benefiting from the unique two-dimensional (2D) morphology and abundant terminals, 2D/2D “face-to-face” WO3·H2O/g-C3N4 heterostructured self-assemblies were fabricated employing tungsten oxide hydrate (WO3·H2O) nanoplates and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) sheets as precursors. Compared to pristine WO3·H2O and g-C3N4, the binary WO3·H2O/g-C3N4 heterostructures exhibit excellent photocatalytic performance towards water decontamination, using organic dye rhodamine B/methyl orange as probes. It is found that WO3·H2O/g-C3N4 with 20 wt% mass ratio (WHC-20) possesses the best photocatalytic activities, with about 3.05 times higher than that of pristine g-C3N4. The remarkable increase performance is attributed to the enhanced evolution of superoxide radicals (·O2) via photoreduction in adsorbed oxygen molecules (O2), which are promoted by efficient Z-scheme charges separation and rapid electrons transfer at 2D/2D interface. Given the low-cost, facile synthetic procedure and recycling stability, the heterostructured WO3·H2O/g-C3N4 could be served as a promising photocatalyst to deal with water contamination.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by Key Research and Development Plan of Shandong Province (No. 2018GGX102036), a Project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program (No. J18KA011) and Doctoral Found of QUST (No. 010022803).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this article.

References

  1. 1.
    Wen J, Xie J, Chen X, Li X (2017) A review on g-C3N4 -based photocatalysts. Appl Surf Sci 391:72–123Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khan ST, Malik A (2019) Engineered nanomaterials for water decontamination and purification: from lab to products. J Hazard Mater 363:295–308Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kassem A, Ayoub GM, Malaeb L (2019) Antibacterial activity of chitosan nano-composites and carbon nanotubes: a review. Sci Total Environ 668:566–576Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pan D, Ge S, Tian J, Shao Q, Guo L, Liu H, Wu S, Ding T, Guo Z (2019) Research progress in the field of adsorption and catalytic degradation of sewage by hydrotalcite-derived materials. Chem Rec.  https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201900046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang Y, Zeng X, Guo L, Lan J, Zhang L, Cao D (2018) Heavy metal ion removal of wastewater by zeolit–imidazolate frameworks. Sep Purif Technol 194:462–469Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang H, Lyu S, Zhou X, Gu H, Ma C, Wang C, Ding T, Shao Q, Liu H, Guo Z (2019) Super light 3D hierarchical nanocellulose aerogel foam with superior oil adsorption. J Colloid Interface Sci 536:245–251Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yuan Y, Yu Q, Wen J, Li C, Guo Z, Wang X, Wang N (2019) Ultrafast and highly selective uranium extraction from seawater by hydrogel-like spidroin-based protein fiber. Angew Chem Int Ed 58:11785–11790Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang M, Meng J, Liu Q, Gu S, Zhao L, Dong M, Zhang J, Hou H, Guo Z (2019) Corn stover–derived biochar for efficient adsorption of oxytetracycline from wastewater. J Mater Res 34:3050–3060Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao S, Yuan Y, Yu Q, Niu B, Liao J, Guo Z, Wang N (2019) A dual-surface amidoximated halloysite nanotube for high-efficiency economical uranium extraction from seawater. Angew Chem Int Ed 58:14979–14985Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qian Y, Yuan Y, Wang H, Liu H, Zhang J, Shi S, Guo Z, Wang N (2018) Highly efficient uranium adsorption by salicylaldoxime/polydopamine graphene oxide nanocomposites. J Mater Chem A 6:24676–24685Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li S, Yang P, Liu X, Zhang J, Xie W, Wang C, Liu C, Guo Z (2019) Graphene oxide based dopamine mussel-like cross-linked polyethylene imine nanocomposite coating with enhanced hexavalent uranium adsorption. J Mater Chem A 7:16902–16911Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hu Q, Zhou N, Gong K, Liu H, Liu Q, Sun D, Wang Q, Shao Q, Liu H, Qiu B, Guo Z (2019) Intracellular polymer substances induced conductive polyaniline for improved methane production from anaerobic wastewater treatment. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 7:5912–5920Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lin Z, Lin B, Wang Z, Chen S, Wang C, Dong M, Gao Q, Shao Q, Ding T, Liu H, Wu S, Guo Z (2019) Facile preparation of 1T/2H-Mo(S1-xSex)2 nanoparticles for boosting hydrogen evolution reaction. ChemCatChem 11:2217–2222Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang C, Lan F, He Z, Xie X, Zhao Y, Hou H, Guo L, Murugadoss V, Liu H, Shao Q, Gao Q, Ding T, Wei R, Guo Z (2019) Iridium-based catalysts for solid polymer electrolyte electrocatalytic water splitting. Chemsuschem 12:1576–1590Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yang P, Yang L, Gao Q, Luo Q, Zhao X, Mai X, Fu Q, Dong M, Wang J, Hao Y, Yang R, Lai X, Wu S, Shao Q, Ding T, Lin J, Guo Z (2019) Anchoring carbon nanotubes and post-hydroxylation treatment enhanced Ni nanofiber catalysts towards efficient hydrous hydrazine decomposition for effective hydrogen generation. Chem Commun 55:9011–9014Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xu Y, Liu J, Xie M, Jing L, Xu H, She X, Li H, Xie J (2019) Construction of novel CNT/LaVO4 nanostructures for efficient antibiotic photodegradation. Chem Eng J 357:487–497Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pan D, Ge S, Zhang X, Mai X, Li S, Guo Z (2018) Synthesis and photoelectrocatalytic activity of In2O3 hollow microspheres via a bio-template route using yeast templates. Dalton Trans 47:708–715Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pan D, Ge S, Zhao J, Shao Q, Guo L, Zhang X, Lin J, Xu G, Guo Z (2018) Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of mixed-metal oxides derived from NiCoFe ternary layered double hydroxides. Dalton Trans 47:9765–9778Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhao J, Ge S, Pan D, Shao Q, Lin J, Wang Z, Hu Z, Wu T, Guo Z (2018) Solvothermal synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic property of zirconium dioxide doped titanium dioxide spinous hollow microspheres with sunflower pollen as bio-templates. J Colloid Interface Sci 529:111–121Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang X, Maeda K, Thomas A, Takanabe K, Xin G, Carlsson JM, Domen K, Antonietti M (2008) A metal-free polymeric photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water under visible light. Nat Mater 8:76–80Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liang M, Borjigin T, Zhang Y, Liu B, Liu H, Guo H (2019) Controlled assemble of hollow heterostructured g-C3N4@CeO2 with rich oxygen vacancies for enhanced photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Appl Catal B Environ 243:566–575Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang B, Cai H, Zhao D, Song M, Guo P, Shen S, Li D, Yang S (2019) Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution by partially replaced corner-site C atom with P in g-C3N4. Appl Catal B: Environ 244:486–493Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Talukdar M, Behera SK, Bhattacharya K, Deb P (2019) Surface modified mesoporous g-C3N4@FeNi3 as prompt and proficient magnetic adsorbent for crude oil recovery. Appl Surf Sci 473:275–281Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mirzaei A, Chen Z, Haghighat F, Yerushalmi L (2019) Magnetic fluorinated mesoporous g-C3N4 for photocatalytic degradation of amoxicillin: transformation mechanism and toxicity assessment. Appl Catal B Environ 242:337–348Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Guo W, Zhang J, Li G, Xu C (2019) Enhanced photocatalytic activity of P-type (K, Fe) co-doped g-C3N4 synthesized in self-generated NH3 atmosphere. Appl Surf Sci 470:99–106Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fan J, Qin H, Jiang S (2019) Mn-doped g-C3N4 composite to activate peroxymonosulfate for acetaminophen degradation: the role of superoxide anion and singlet oxygen. Chem Eng J 359:723–732Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Xu Y, Ge F, Chen Z, Huang S, Wei W, Xie M, Xu H, Li H (2019) One-step synthesis of Fe-doped surface-alkalinized g-C3N4 and their improved visible-light photocatalytic performance. Appl Surf Sci 469:739–746Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Humayun M, Hu Z, Khan A, Cheng W, Yuan Y, Zheng Z, Fu Q, Luo W (2019) Highly efficient degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol over CeO2/g-C3N4 composites under visible-light irradiation: detailed reaction pathway and mechanism. J Hazard Mater 364:635–644Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Dong J, Shi Y, Huang C, Wu Q, Zeng T, Yao W (2019) A new and stable Mo–Mo2C modified g-C3N4 photocatalyst for efficient visible light photocatalytic H2 production. Appl Catal B Environ 243:27–35Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sun H, Yang Z, Pu Y, Dou W, Wang C, Wang W, Hao X, Chen S, Shao Q, Dong M, Wu S, Ding T, Guo Z (2019) Zinc oxide/vanadium pentoxide heterostructures with enhanced day-night antibacterial activities. J Colloid Interface Sci 547:40–49Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang Y, Tan G, Liu T, Su Y, Ren H, Zhang X, Xia A, Lv L, Liu Y (2018) Photocatalytic properties of the g-C3N4/{010} facets BiVO4 interface Z-Scheme photocatalysts induced by BiVO4 surface heterojunction. Appl Catal B Environ 234:37–49Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Song J, Wang X, Ma J, Wang X, Wang J, Xia S, Zhao J (2018) Removal of Microcystis aeruginosa and Microcystin-LR using a graphitic-C3N4/TiO2 floating photocatalyst under visible light irradiation. Chem Eng J 348:380–388Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Xiang Q, Yu J, Jaroniec M (2011) Preparation and enhanced visible-light photocatalytic H2-production activity of graphene/C3N4 composites. J Phys Chem C 115:7355–7363Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Xu T, Wang Y, Zhou X, Zheng X, Xu Q, Chen Z, Ren Y, Yan B (2017) Fabrication and assembly of two-dimensional TiO2/WO3·H2O heterostructures with type II band alignment for enhanced photocatalytic performance. Appl Surf Sci 403:564–571Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zheng G, Wang J, Liu H, Murugadoss V, Zu G, Che H, Lai C, Li H, Ding T, Gao Q, Guo Z (2019) Tungsten oxide nanostructures and nanocomposites for photoelectrochemical water splitting. Nanoscale 11:18968–18994.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NR03474A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Tahir MB, Sagir M, Shahzad K (2019) Removal of acetylsalicylate and methyl-theobromine from aqueous environment using nano-photocatalyst WO3–TiO2@g-C3N4 composite. J Hazard Mater 363:205–213Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cui L, Ding X, Wang Y, Shi H, Huang L, Zuo Y, Kang S (2017) Facile preparation of Z-scheme WO3/g-C3N4 composite photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic performance under visible light. Appl Surf Sci 391:202–210Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yang Y, Qiu M, Li L, Pi Y, Yan G, Yang L (2018) A direct Z-Scheme Van Der Waals heterojunction (WO3·H2O/g-C3N4) for high efficient overall water splitting under visible-light. Solar RRL 2:1800148Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Qin L, Pan X, Wang L, Sun X, Zhang G, Guo X (2014) Facile preparation of mesoporous TiO2(B) nanowires with well-dispersed Fe2O3 nanoparticles and their photochemical catalytic behavior. Appl Catal B Environ 150–151:544–553Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wang D, Huang S, Li H, Chen A, Wang P, Yang J, Wang X, Yang J (2019) Ultrathin WO3 nanosheets modified by g-C3N4 for highly efficient acetone vapor detection. Sens Actuator B Chem 282:961–971Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Chen J, Xiao X, Wang Y, Ye Z (2019) Ag nanoparticles decorated WO3/g-C3N4 2D/2D heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic activity for organic pollutants degradation. Appl Surf Sci 467–468:1000–1010Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Cao J, Nie W, Huang L, Ding Y, Lv K, Tang H (2019) Photocatalytic activation of sulfite by nitrogen vacancy modified graphitic carbon nitride for efficient degradation of carbamazepine. Appl Catal B Environ 241:18–27Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yang J, Liang Y, Li K, Yang G, Yin S (2019) One-step low-temperature synthesis of 0D CeO2 quantum dots/2D BiOX (X = Cl, Br) nanoplates heterojunctions for highly boosting photo-oxidation and reduction ability. Appl Catal B Environ 250:17–30Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zhu M, Sun Z, Fujitsuka M, Majima T (2018) Z-scheme photocatalytic water splitting on a 2D Heterostructure of black phosphorus/bismuth vanadate using visible light. Angew Chem Int Ed 57:2160–2164Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ong WJ, Tan LL, Ng YH, Yong ST, Chai SP (2016) Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-based photocatalysts for artificial photosynthesis and environmental remediation: Are we a step closer to achieving sustainability? Chem Rev 116:7159–7329Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Li L, Zhao J, Wang Y, Li Y, Ma D, Zhao Y, Hou S, Hao X (2011) Oxalic acid mediated synthesis of WO3·H2O nanoplates and self-assembled nanoflowers under mild conditions. J Soid State Chem 184:1661–1665Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Yang S, Gong Y, Zhang J, Zhan L, Ma L, Fang Z, Vajtai R, Wang X, Ajayan PM (2013) Exfoliated graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets as efficient catalysts for hydrogen evolution under visible light. Adv Mater 25:2452–2456Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Zeng W, Zhang H, Wang Z (2015) Effects of different petal thickness on gas sensing properties of flower-like WO3·H2O hierarchical architectures. Appl Surf Sci 347:73–78Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Guo Y, Liu Q, Li Z, Zhang Z, Fang X (2018) Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performance of mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride co-doped with potassium and iodine. Appl Catal B Environ 221:362–370Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Zhu B, Zhang L, Cheng B, Yu J (2018) First-principle calculation study of tri-s-triazine-based g-C3N4: a review. Appl Catal B Environ 224:983–999Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Liu Q, Ding J, Chai Y, Zhao J, Cheng S, Zong B, Dai W-L (2015) Unprecedented enhancement in visible-light-driven photoactivity of modified graphitic C3N4 by coupling with H2WO4. J Environ Chem Eng 3:1072–1080Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Hua S, Qu D, An L, Jiang W, Wen Y, Wang X, Sun Z (2019) Highly efficient p-type Cu3P/n-type g-C3N4 photocatalyst through Z-scheme charge transfer route. Appl Catal B Environ 240:253–261Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Nayak AK, Sohn Y, Pradhan D (2017) Facile green synthesis of WO3·H2O nanoplates and WO3 nanowires with enhanced photoelectrochemical performance. Cryst Growth Des 17:4949–4957Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Lee W, Han JH, Jeon W, Yoo YW, Lee SW, Kim SK, Ko C-H, Lansalot-Matras C, Hwang CS (2013) Atomic layer deposition of SrTiO3 films with cyclopentadienyl-based precursors for metal–insulator–metal capacitors. Chem Mater 25:953–961Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Du J, Wang Z, Li YH, Li RQ, Li XY, Wang KY (2019) Establishing WO3/g-C3N4 composite for “memory” photocatalytic activity and enhancement in photocatalytic degradation. Catal Lett 149:1167–1173Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Yan H, Zhu ZW, Long YM, Li WF (2019) Single-source-precursor-assisted synthesis of porous WO3/g-C3N4 with enhanced photocatalytic property. Colloids Surf A 582:123857Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Ahmed KE, Kuo DH, Zeleke MA, Zelekew OA, Abay AK (2019) Synthesis of Sn-WO3/g-C3N4 composites with surface activated oxygen for visible light degradation of dyes. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 369:133–141Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Wang B, He S, Zhang L, Huang X, Gao F, Feng W, Liu P (2019) CdS nanorods decorated with inexpensive NiCd bimetallic nanoparticles as efficient photocatalysts for visible-light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. Appl Catal B Environ 243:229–235Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Hou C, Wang J, Du W, Wang J, Du Y, Liu C, Zhang J, Hou H, Dang F, Zhao L, Guo Z (2019) One-pot synthesized molybdenum dioxide–molybdenum carbide heterostructures coupled with 3D holey carbon nanosheets for highly efficient and ultrastable cycling lithium-ion storage. J Mater Chem A 7:13460–13472Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Zhang N, Li X, Ye H, Chen S, Ju H, Liu D, Lin Y, Ye W, Wang C, Xu Q, Zhu J, Song L, Jiang J, Xiong Y (2016) Oxide defect engineering enables to couple solar energy into oxygen activation. J Am Chem Soc 138:8928–8935Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Zhao J, Ge S, Pan D, Pan Y, Murugadoss V, Li R, Xie W, Lu Y, Wu T, Wujcik EK, Shao Q, Mai X, Guo Z (2019) Microwave hydrothermal synthesis of In2O3–ZnO nanocomposites and their enhanced photoelectrochemical properties. J Electrochem Soc 166:H3074–H3083Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringQingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations