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Multifunctional hollow spheres as sulfur hosts for high-performance Li–S batteries

  • Pengyu Li
  • Jianna Deng
  • Jing LiEmail author
  • Min Zeng
  • Lige Wang
  • Jianqiang Guo
Energy materials
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

For solving the problems of the poor electronic conductivity and volume change of sulfur particles, the shuttle effect of the soluble polysulfides, we design multifunctional host materials for the element sulfur by using hollow graphene and SnO2 composite spheres (HGSn). In this multifunctional host materials, graphene can significantly improve the electronic conductivity and the hollow sphere structure of HGSn proved by TEM can buffer the volume change of the discharge and charge products. Moreover, HGSn could provide physical adsorption and chemical affinity by forming C=S bond and S–Sn–O bond to greatly alleviate the polysulfide shuttle effect, which were represented by UV–Vis and FT-IR spectra, respectively. As a result, the as-prepared HGSn/S electrodes exhibit good electrochemical performance with high sulfur loading of 2.25 mg cm−2. The discharge specific capacity is 706.82 mAh g−1 after 200 cycles and 604.93 mAh g−1 after 350 cycles at 0.2C, and the capacity retention is 80.90% and 69.37% with average capacity attenuation of 0.096% and 0.088% for each cycle.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB0104204).

Supplementary material

10853_2019_4251_MOESM1_ESM.docx (433 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 433 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environment-Friendly Energy Materials, School of Material Science and EngineeringSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina

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