Advertisement

Enhanced nanotwinning by special grain growth in nanocrystalline materials

  • Fusheng Tan
  • Qihong Fang
  • Jia Li
  • Hui FengEmail author
Metals & corrosion
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Experiments have revealed that stress-driven grain growth can strongly affect the movement and distribution of the dislocations in nanocrystalline materials. Meanwhile, nanotwinning often originates from the generation and glide of partial dislocations, which is also influenced by grain growth. However, the underlying effect of the grain growth on the nucleation of nanoscale twins remains unclear. In this work, a theoretical model is established to investigate the effect of cooperative grain growth by nanograin rotation and grain boundary migration on the nucleation of nanoscale twins in deformed nanocrystalline solids. The results indicate that, in most cases, the cooperative mechanism controls the nucleation of nanoscale twins. In particular, the cooperative mechanism significantly enhances the nanotwin nucleation outside the deformed grain, while inhibits that inside the deformed grain. The capacity of nanotwin nucleation can be significantly enhanced via decreasing the level of rotation or increasing the migration distance, and it can be maximized by tailoring the coupling factor of the migration process. Moreover, the nanotwin nucleation and its length can be simultaneously optimized via tailoring the cooperative grain growth. As a result, the cooperative grain growth can serve as an effective approach to enhance nanotwinning and thereby improve the plasticity of nanocrystalline materials.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to deeply appreciate the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11572118, 11602080 and 11772122), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (2018JJ3026) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

References

  1. 1.
    El-Atwani O, Esquivel E, Aydogan E et al (2019) Unprecedented irradiation resistance of nanocrystalline tungsten with equiaxed nanocrystalline grains to dislocation loop accumulation. Acta Mater 165:118–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Li Y, Gao Y, Liu C et al (2018) Investigation on electrical transport properties of nanocrystalline WO3 under high pressure. J Mater Sci 53:6339–6349.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-2001-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liao X, Zhang J, Yu H et al (2019) Exceptional elevated temperature behavior of nanocrystalline stoichiometric Y2Fe14B alloys with La or Ce substitutions. J Mater Sci 54:14577–14587.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03916-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhou X, Li XY, Lu K (2018) Enhanced thermal stability of nanograined metals below a critical grain size. Science 360:526–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hu J, Shi YN, Sauvage X, Sha G, Lu K (2017) Grain boundary stability governs hardening and softening in extremely fine nanograined metals. Science 355:1292–1296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    El-Atwani O, Hinks JA, Greaves G, Allain JP, Maloy SA (2017) Grain size threshold for enhanced irradiation resistance in nanocrystalline and ultrafine tungsten. Mater Res Lett 5:343–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohr M, Daccache L, Horvat S, Brühne K, Jacob T, Fecht H Jr (2017) Influence of grain boundaries on elasticity and thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline diamond films. Acta Mater 122:92–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Muche DNF, Drazin JW, Mardinly J, Dey S, Castro RHR (2017) Colossal grain boundary strengthening in ultrafine nanocrystalline oxides. Mater Lett 186:298–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang Y, Tucker GJ, Trelewicz JR (2017) Stress-assisted grain growth in nanocrystalline metals: grain boundary mediated mechanisms and stabilization through alloying. Acta Mater 131:39–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lu L (2004) Ultrahigh strength and high electrical conductivity in copper. Science 304:422–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ha S, Se-Jong K, Seunghee H et al (2010) Improvement of ductility in magnesium alloy sheet using laser scanning treatment. Mater Lett 64:425–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yang L, Tao NR, Lu K, Lu L (2013) Enhanced fatigue resistance of Cu with a gradient nanograined surface layer. Scr Mater 68:801–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li N, Shi S, Luo J, Lu J, Wang N (2016) Effects of surface nanocrystallization on the corrosion behaviors of 316L and alloy 690. Surf Coat Technol 309:227–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sihai L, Yinghong L, Liucheng Z et al (2016) Surface nanocrystallization of metallic alloys with different stacking fault energy induced by laser shock processing. Mater Des 104:320–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li N, Shi S, Luo J, Lu J, Wang N (2017) Effects of surface nanocrystallization on the corrosion behaviors of 316L and alloy 690. Surf Coat Technol 309:227–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li X, Lu K (2017) Playing with defects in metals. Nat Mater 16:700–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Luo XM, Zhang B, Zhu XF, Zhou YT, Xiao TY, Zhang GP (2016) Local-structure-affected behavior during self-driven grain boundary migration. MRS Commun 6:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Azizi A, Zou X, Ercius P et al (2014) Dislocation motion and grain boundary migration in two-dimensional tungsten disulphide. Nat Commun 5:4867–4873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thomas SL, Chen K, Han J, Purohit PK, Srolovitz DJ (2017) Reconciling grain growth and shear-coupled grain boundary migration. Nat Commun 8:1764–1775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li J, Soh AK, Wu X (2014) On nanograin rotation by dislocation climb in nanocrystalline materials. Scr Mater 78–79:5–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu C, Lu W, Chen S, Li J (2019) Toughening of nanocrystalline materials by nanograin rotation. Mater Today Commun 19:297–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Trautt ZT, Mishin Y, Actamat J (2003) Grain boundary migration and grain rotation studied by molecular dynamics. Acta Mater 51:2407–2424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gorkaya T, Molodov KD, Molodov DA, Gottstein G (2011) Concurrent grain boundary motion and grain rotation under an applied stress. Acta Mater 59:5674–5680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Liu C, Lu W, Weng GJ, Li J (2019) A cooperative nano-grain rotation and grain-boundary migration mechanism for enhanced dislocation emission and tensile ductility in nanocrystalline materials. Mater Sci Eng, A 756:284–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yan FK, Tao NR, Archie F, Gutierrez-Urrutia I, Raabe D, Lu K (2014) Deformation mechanisms in an austenitic single-phase duplex microstructured steel with nanotwinned grains. Acta Mater 81:487–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhu SQ, Yan HG, Liao XZ et al (2015) Mechanisms for enhanced plasticity in magnesium alloys. Acta Mater 82:344–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Li Q, Xue S, Wang J et al (2018) High-strength nanotwinned Al alloys with 9R phase. Adv Mater 30:1704629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    You Z, Li X, Gui L, Lu Q, Zhu T (2013) Plastic anisotropy and associated deformation mechanisms in nanotwinned metals. Acta Mater 61:217–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Xu C, Yuan L, Shan D, Guo B (2019) The influence of lamellar twins on deformation mechanism in nanocrystalline magnesium under uniaxial compression. J Mater Sci 54:12623–12642.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03803-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ostapovets A, Serra A (2017) Slip dislocation and twin nucleation mechanisms in hcp metals. J Mater Sci 52:533–540.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0351-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Luo X, Li X, Zhang G (2017) Forming incoherent twin boundaries: a new way for nanograin growth under cyclic loading. Mater Res Lett 5:95–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Luo X, Zhu X, Zhang G (2014) Nanotwin-assisted grain growth in nanocrystalline gold films under cyclic loading. Nat Commun 5:3021–3028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wang YQ, Smirani R, Ross GG (2004) Nanotwinning in silicon nanocrystals produced by ion implantation. Nano Lett 4:2041–2045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wu XL, Zhu YT (2008) Inverse grain-size effect on twinning in nanocrystalline Ni. Phys Rev Lett 101:025503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhu YT, Liao XZ, Wu XL (2012) Deformation twinning in nanocrystalline materials. Prog Mater Sci 57:1–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ovid’ko IA, Skiba NV (2014) Generation of nanoscale deformation twins at locally distorted grain boundaries in nanomaterials. Int J Plast 62:50–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zhu YT, Wu XL, Liao XZ, Narayan J, Mathaudhu SN, Kecskes LJ (2009) Twinning partial multiplication at grain boundary in nanocrystalline fcc metals. Appl Phys Lett 95:031909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhu YT, Liao XZ, Wu XL (2008) Deformation twinning in bulk nanocrystalline metals: experimental observations. JOM 60:60–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhu YT, Narayan J, Hirth JP, Mahajan S, Wu XL, Liao XZ (2009) Formation of single and multiple deformation twins in nanocrystalline fcc metals. Acta Mater 57:3763–3770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sansoz F, Dupont V (2006) Grain growth behavior at absolute zero during nanocrystalline metal indentation. Appl Phys Lett 89:111901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Cahn JW, Yuri M, Akira S (2006) Coupling grain boundary motion to shear deformation. Acta Mater 54:4953–4975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Romanov AE, Anna LK (2009) Application of disclination concept to solid structures. Prog Mater Sci 54:740–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Gutkin MY, Ovid’ko IA, Skiba NV (2008) Crack-stimulated generation of deformation twins in nanocrystalline metals and ceramics. Philos Mag 88:1137–1151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hirth JP, Lothe J (1982) Theory of dislocations (2nd ed). Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kibey S, Liu JB, Johnson DD, Sehitoglu H (2007) Predicting twinning stress in fcc metals: linking twin-energy pathways to twin nucleation. Acta Mater 55:6843–6851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bozzolo N, Soua N, Logé RE (2012) Evolution of microstructure and twin density during thermomechanical processing in a γ-γ’ nickel-based superalloy. Acta Mater 60:5056–5066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Gutkin MY, Ovid’ko IA, Skiba NV (2006) Generation of deformation twins in nanocrystalline metals: theoretical model. Phys Rev B 74:172107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Li Q, Cahoon JR, Richards NL (2009) Effects of thermo-mechanical processing parameters on the special boundary configurations of commercially pure nickel. Mater Sci Eng, A 527:263–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle BodyHunan UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations