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Hydrothermal synthesis of chemically stable cross-linked poly-Schiff base for efficient Cr(VI) removal

  • Lili Ren
  • Zhihui Yang
  • Linfeng Jin
  • Weichun Yang
  • Yan Shi
  • Sheng Wang
  • Huimin Yi
  • Dun Wei
  • Haiying WangEmail author
  • Liyuan ZhangEmail author
Chemical routes to materials
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

A superb adsorbent for Cr(VI) removal with a high adsorption capacity and acidic resistance was facilely synthesized via in situ hydrothermal cross-linking and reduction reaction of poly-Schiff base using m-phenylenediamine and glutaraldehyde as feedstock. The hydrothermal process effectively facilitated the condensation between aldehyde and amine group to strengthen the chemical structure by cross-linking the polymeric chains. Morphological evolution of the polymer via disaggregation and reassembly to finally form regular core–shell configuration was observed. The produced nanoparticles possess the excellent adsorption performance (833.3 mg g−1), far beyond most of the reported adsorbents, and exhibit fine reusability. The possible adsorption mechanism can be attributed to Cr(VI) electrostatic adsorption followed by redox reaction and chelation.

Abbreviations

mPD

m-Phenylenediamine

GA

Glutaraldehyde

Notes

Acknowledgements

Haiying Wang and Liyuan Zhang thank the financial support by National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0403003), and Key R&D Program of Hunan Province (2018SK2026 and 2018SK2043).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors all declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_4191_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.3 mb)
The FTIR spectrum of hydrothermal poly-Schiff base under various temperature and dosage of GA (Fig. S1); the TEM image of hydrothermal poly-Schiff base under various temperature and dosage of GA (Fig. S2); the AFM image of pS(1:2)-Hred(150) (Fig. S3); formation of nanoparticles with core–shell configuration (Fig. S4); the TEM image of two attached nanoparticles with a joint shell (Fig. S5); the adsorption isotherms of hydrothermal poly-Schiff base (Fig. S6); pH changing in solution after adsorption (Fig. S7) (DOCX 1373 kb)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Metallurgy and EnvironmentCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Colloid ChemistryMax Planck Institute of Colloids and InterfacesPotsdam-GolmGermany
  3. 3.Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Control and Treatment of Heavy Metals PollutionChangshaChina

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