Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 2429–2438 | Cite as

Thermoelectric properties of BiSbTe alloy nanofilms produced by DC sputtering: experiments and modeling

  • Andre A. Marinho
  • Neymar P. Costa
  • Luiz Felipe C. PereiraEmail author
  • Francisco A. Brito
  • Carlos Chesman
Electronic materials


Thermoelectricity refers to the conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy and vice versa, which relies on three main effects: Seebeck, Peltier and Thomson, all of which are manifestations of heat and electricity flow. In this work, we investigate the deposition of nanometric films and the effect of a thermal treatment on their thermoelectric properties. The films are based on BiSbTe ternary alloys, obtained by deposition on a substrate using the DC sputtering technique. We produced sputtering targets with repurposed materials from commercial thermoelectric modules. In this way, we explore an environmentally responsible destination for discarded devices, with in situ preparation and manufacture of film-based thermoelectric modules. Film samples show an improvement trend in thermoelectric efficiency as the annealing temperature is increased in the range 423–623 K. The experimental data regarding thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity (or electrical conductivity), and the Seebeck coefficient were analyzed with the theory of q-deformed algebra. Applying a q-deformation to our system, we can model the effect of the annealing temperature on the thermal and electrical conductivities, as well as the Seebeck coefficient, and argue that the q-factor must be related to structural properties of the films. We believe that our work could pave the way for future developments in the modeling of experimental measurements via the formalism of q-deformation algebra.



We would like to thank CAPES, CNPq (Grants 309961/2017-3, 436859/2018-1, 312104/2018-9) and PNPD/PROCAD-CAPES, for financial support.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de FísicaUniversidade Federal de Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de FísicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de FísicaUniversidade Federal da ParaíbaJoão PessoaBrazil

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