Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 2343–2352 | Cite as

Hierarchical pore structure of zeolite/MCM obtained by supramolecular templating using ionic liquid (C16MI·Cl) as the structure-directing agent

  • Victor de Aguiar Pedott
  • Iemedelais Bordin
  • Alan dos Santos da Silva
  • Diego Ivan Petkowicz
  • Diana Exenberger Finkler
  • João Henrique Zimnoch do Santos
  • Rogério Marcos Dallago
  • Marcelo L. MignoniEmail author
Chemical routes to materials


Zeolites are microporous materials with tetrahedral three-dimensional structure; such structure allows the transfer of material through its pores, but small pores prejudice such transfer. One way to overcome these problems is the development of materials combining microporous and mesoporous structures. This study reports the synthesis at room temperature of hierarchical materials, ZSM-5/MCM-48, ZSM-35/MCM-48, ZSM-5/MCM-41 and ZSM-35/MCM-41, from ZSM-5 and ZSM-35 seeds, using ionic liquid (1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium) as supramolecular template. Infrared spectroscopy and attenuated total reflectance analyses confirmed the formation of the materials through the presence of bands at 1220 and 1070 cm−1. SAXS analyses showed that most of the materials have surface fracture dimensions (3 ≤ α < 4), except the sample MCM 41/ZSM 5, having a mass fractal structure. Signals in the high-angle region correlated with XRD analysis, confirming the formation of the materials. TGA analysis shows that ionic liquid decomposition occurs at higher temperatures when the ionic liquid is within the material. Finally, the results obtained by textural analysis via N2 adsorption agreed with data reported in the literature.



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai das Missões – URI-ErechimErechimBrazil
  2. 2.Marina Tecnologia LTDACampo BomBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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