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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 1959–1972 | Cite as

Modifying effects and mechanisms of graphene on dehydrogenation properties of sodium borohydride

  • Y. Fang
  • J. ZhangEmail author
  • M. Y. Hua
  • D. W. Zhou
Chemical routes to materials
  • 141 Downloads

Abstract

Sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is a promising solid-state hydrogen storage material because of its low toxicity, high environmental stability and release of high-purity hydrogen. Nevertheless, the practical application of NaBH4 is still hampered by its high desorption temperature and slow hydrogen exchange kinetics. Using experimental and first-principles calculations approaches, the dehydrogenation properties and modifying mechanisms of NaBH4+10 wt%graphene composite acquired by ball-milling are systematically investigated in this work. The results show that the graphene plays a cooperative catalysis–confinement effect on NaBH4. X-ray diffraction analysis displays that no new phases formed due to the mutual inertia between NaBH4 and graphene during ball-milling. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy observations show that the NaBH4 particles are significantly refined after graphene addition, which effectively restrains the agglomeration of NaBH4 particles. Thermogravimetry testing and mass spectrometry testing indicate that the onset dehydrogenation temperature of the NaBH4+10 wt%graphene composite is decreased by about 114 °C relative to the milled pristine NaBH4. First-principles calculations reveal that the enhanced dehydrogenation properties of NaBH4 after graphene addition should be ascribed to the reduced dehydrogenation enthalpy of NaBH4 and strong binding energy between NaBH4 and graphene as well as the electron transfer from NaBH4 to graphene.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51874049 and 51401036), the Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 2017JJ2263 and 2018JJ2426), the Research and Innovation Project of Graduate Students in Hunan Province (No. CX20190675) and the “Double First-Class” Scientific Research International Cooperation and Development Project of Changsha University of Science and Technology (2018IC02).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Intelligent Manufacturing Technology for High-performance Mechanical EquipmentChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle BodyHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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