Advertisement

Luminescent materials comprised of wood-based carbon quantum dots adsorbed on a Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 solid solution: synthesis, photoluminescence properties, and applications in light-emitting diode devices

  • Xing Gao
  • Xinchao Gong
  • Tat Thang Nguyen
  • Wenxin Du
  • Xueqi Chen
  • Zihui Song
  • Rusong Chai
  • Minghui GuoEmail author
Electronic materials
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, a luminescent material of wood-based carbon quantum dots (CQDs)/Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 with a regular, uniform shape, and a high color purity was synthesized by a facile method. CexZr1−xO2 solid-solution oxides (x = 0.7) were prepared by a hydrothermal method, and CQDs were adsorbed on the as-obtained Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 nanoparticles. The crystal structure was identified by powder X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement. In addition, the effect of adsorbed CQDs on the luminescence properties of Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 was systematically investigated by Raman spectroscopy, elemental analysis, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy, as well as decay curve and quantum yield (QY) measurements. Herein, a promising strategy of surface engineering, that is, reduction of the surface defect concentration in Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 by the adsorption of CQDs to decrease the nonradiative transition processes at defect sites was described. As expected, the adsorption of CQDs decreased the Ce–O bond length and the surface defect concentration of Ce0.7Zr0.3O2, thereby effectively decreasing the nonradiative transition processes and suppressing fluorescence quenching. Hence, CQDs/Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 with a perfect cubic structure exhibits a performance improvement in terms of the luminescence and QY value. Furthermore, a light-emitting diode device was fabricated using as-synthesized CQDs/Ce0.7Zr0.3O2, emitting apparent yellow light with a high color purity (93.3%), with International Commission on Illumination coordinates of (0.5239, 0.4531), and a low correlated color temperature (2271 K) under a driven current of 60 mA, suggesting that CQDs/Ce0.7Zr0.3O2 exhibits potential for practical applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0600302) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2572018AB01).

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3912_MOESM1_ESM.docx (128 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 128 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Shioi KS, Hirosaki N, Xie RJ, Takeda T, Li YQ (2010) Photoluminescence and thermal stability of yellow-emitting Sr-α-SiAlON:Eu2+ phosphor. J Mater Sci 45:3198–3203.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4327-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ji X, Zhang J, Li Y, Liao S, Zhang X, Yang Z, Wang Z, Qiu Z, Zhou W, Yu L (2018) Improving quantum efficiency and thermal stability in blue-emitting Ba2−xSrxSiO4:Ce3+ phosphor via solid solution. Chem Mater 30:5137–5147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huang LY, Fei Z, Li YP, Wang H, Wang Q, Wang CB, Xu H, Li HM (2019) Chemical reduction implanted oxygen vacancy on the surface of 1D MoO3−x/g-C3N4 composite for boosted LED light-driven photoactivity. J Mater Sci 54:5343–5358.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-03227-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang Y, Zhang XJ, Zhang HR, Zhuang JL, Hua CF, Liu YL, Wu ZC, Ma L, Wang XJ, Lei BF (2019) Improving moisture stability of SrLiAl3N4:Eu2+ through phosphor-in-glass approach to realize its application in plant growing LED device. J Colloid Interf Sci 545:195–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hu C, Shi Y, Feng X, Pan Y (2015) YAG:Ce/(Gd,Y)AG:Ce dual-layered composite structure ceramic phosphors designed for bright white light-emitting diodes with various CCT. Opt Express 23:18243–18255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    He C, Ji H, Huang Z, Wang T, Zhang X, Liu Y, Fang M, Wu X, Zhang J, Min X (2018) Red-shifted emission in Y3MgSiAl3O12:Ce3+ garnet phosphor for blue light-pumped white light-emitting diodes. J Phys Chem C 122:15659–15665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sun BH, Zhang L, Huang GC, Zhou TY, Shao C, Wang KG, Chen H (2019) Surface texture induced light extraction of novel Ce:YAG ceramic tubes for outdoor lighting. J Mater Sci 54:159–171.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-2874-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tai JY, Leong KH, Saravanan P, Aziz AA, Sim LC (2017) Dopant-free oxygen-rich titanium dioxide: LED light-induced photocatalysis and mechanism insight. J Mater Sci 52:11630–11642.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1334-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cui D, Song Z, Xia Z, Liu Q (2017) Luminescence tuning, thermal quenching, and electronic structure of narrow-band red-emitting nitride phosphors. Inorg Chem 56:11837–11844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li L, Tang X, Zheng Y, Wu Z, Chang W, Jiang S, Xiang G, Zhou X (2018) A novel dazzling Eu3+-doped whitlockite-type phosphate red-emitting phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. J Am Ceram Soc 101:4095–4107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhou Y, Zhou Q, Liu Y, Wang Z, Yang H, Wang Q (2016) Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of BaTiF6:Mn4+ red phosphor for LED backlighting. Mater Res Bull 73:14–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guo S, Zhou S, Li H, You B (2015) Light diffusing films fabricated by strawberry-like PMMA/SiO2 composite microspheres for LED application. J Colloid Interface Sci 448:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mo XM, Lu QC, Li T, Tao XM, Qi CJ, Zhou YL, Jiang QK, Ouyang YF (2019) Low-voltage multicolor electroluminescence from all-inorganic carbon dots/Si-heterostructured light-emitting diodes. J Mater Sci 54:8492–8503.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03497-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang CY, Takeda T, Kate OMT, Tansho M, Deguchi K, Takahashi K, Xie RJ, Shimizu T, Hirosaki N (2017) Ce doped La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5, a rare highly efficient blue-emitting phosphor at short wavelength towards high color rendering white LED application. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:22665–22675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang J, Zhou W, Ji X, Ma W, Qiu Z, Yu L, Li C, Xia Z, Wang Z (2017) Composition screening in blue-emitting Li4Sr1+xCa0.97−x(SiO4)2:Ce3+ phosphors for high quantum efficiency and thermally stable photoluminescence. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:30746–30754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    You ZZ, Dong JY (2006) Effect of oxygen plasma treatment on the surface properties of tin-doped indium oxide substrates for polymer LEDs. J Colloid Interface Sci 300:697–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu S, Sun P, Liu Y, Zhou T, Li S, Xie RJ, Xu X, Dong R, Jiang J, Jiang H (2019) Warm white light with a high color-rendering index from a single Gd3Al4−GaO12:Ce3+ transparent ceramic for high-power LEDs and LDs. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 11:2130–2139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wei LL, Lin CC, Fang MH, Brik MG, Hu SF, Jiao H, Liu RS (2015) A low-temperature co-precipitation approach to synthesize fluoride phosphors K2MF6:Mn4+ (M = Ge, Si) for white LED applications. J Mater Chem C 3:1655–1660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lian H, Huang Q, Chen Y, Li K, Liang S, Shang M, Liu M, Lin J (2017) Resonance emission enhancement (REE) for narrow band redemitting A2GeF6:Mn4+ (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs) phosphors synthesized via a precipitation-cation exchange route. Inorg Chem 56:11900–11910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Singha RK, Das S, Pandey M, Kumar S, Bal R, Bordoloi A (2016) Ni nanocluster on modified CeO2–ZrO2 nanoporous composite for tri-reforming of methane. Catal Sci Technol 6:7122–7136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Galvita V, Sundmacher K (2007) Redox behavior and reduction mechanism of Fe2O3–CeZrO2 as oxygen storage material. J Mater Sci 42:9300–9307 10.1007/s10853-007-1872-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Can F, Berland S, Royer S, Courtois X, Duprez D (2013) Composition-dependent performance of CexZr1−xO2 mixed-oxide-supported WO3 catalysts for the NOx Storage reduction-selective catalytic reduction coupled process. ACS Catal 3:1120–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Poyato R, Cruz SA, Cumbrera FL, Moreno B, Chinarro E, Odriozola JA (2014) Phase assembly and electrical conductivity of spark plasma sintered CeO2–ZrO2 ceramics. J Mater Sci 49:6353–6362.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8361-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dai X, Yu C (2008) Characterization and catalytic performance of CeO2–Co/SiO2 catalyst for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis using nitrogen-diluted synthesis gas over a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor. J Nat Gas Chem 17:17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Perumal RN, Subalakshmi G, Vinitha G (2017) Synthesis, photoluminescence properties of Sr1.95Ba0.05CeO4:Eu3+ for LED applications. J Mater Sci 52:9308–9313.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1126-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tang Z, Zhang G, Wang Y (2018) Design and development of a bluish-green luminescent material (K2HfSi3O9:Eu2+) with robust thermal stability for white light-emitting diodes. ACS Photonics 5:3801–3813CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Boaro M, Vicario M, Leitenburg C, Dolcetti G, Trovarelli A (2003) The use of temperature-programmed and dynamic/transient methods in catalysis: characterization of ceria-based, model three-way catalysts. Catal Today 77:407–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Purcell KF, Drago RS (1967) Theoretical aspects of the linear enthalpy wavenumber shift relation for hydrogenbonded phenols. J Am Chem Soc 89:2874–2879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jo WK, Natarajan TS (2015) Facile synthesis of novel redox-mediator-free direct Z scheme CaIn2S4 marigold-flower-like/TiO2 photocatalysts with superior photocatalytic efficiency. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:17138–17154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Khoa NT, Kim SW, Yoo DH, Cho S, Kim EJ, Hahn SH (2015) Fabrication of Au/graphene-wrapped ZnO-nanoparticle-assembled hollow spheres with effective photoinduced charge transfer for photocatalysis. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:3524–3531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stan CS, Horlescu PG, Ursu LE, Popa M, Albu C (2017) Facile preparation of highly luminescent composites by polymer embedding of carbon dots derived from N-hydroxyphthalimide. J Mater Sci 52:185–196.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0320-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dorenbos P (2003) Calculation of the energy of the 5d Bary center of La3F3[Si3O9]:Ce3+. J Lumin 105:117–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Dorenbos P (2002) 5d-level energies of Ce3+ and the crystalline environment. IV. aluminates and “simple” oxides. J Lumin 99:283–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    George NC, Pell AJ, Dantelle G, Page K, Llobet A, Balasubramanian M, Pintacuda G, Chmelka BF, Seshadri R (2013) Local environments of dilute activator ions in the solidstate lighting phosphor Y3−xCexAl5O12. Chem Mater 25:3979–3995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    George NC, Birkel A, Brgoch J, Hong BC, Mi-khailovsky AA, Page K, Llobet A, Seshadri R (2013) Average and local structural origins of the optical properties of the nitride phosphor La3−xCexSi6N11 (0 < x ≤ 3). Inorg Chem 52:13730–13741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhu Y, Chen D, Huang L, Liu Y, Brik MG, Zhong J, Wang J (2018) Phase-transitioninduced giant enhancement of red emission in Mn4+-doped fluoride elpasolite phosphors. J Mater Chem C 6:3951–3960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ji C, Huang Z, Tian X, Xie W, Wen J, He H, Zhou C, Zeng T (2019) Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of a novel BaGe4O9:Eu3+ red emitting phosphor for warm white LEDs. Dyes Pigments 160:772–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ling LQ, Wang CF, Su C (2013) One-step synthesis of yellow-emitting carbogenic dots toward white light-emitting diodes. J Mater Sci 48:2352–2357.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-7016-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ronda C et al (2008) Luminescence—from theory to applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag Cmbh & Co. KGaA, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zheng JH, Cheng QJ, Wu SQ et al (2015) An efficient blue-emitting Sr5(PO4)3Cl:Eu2+ phosphor for application in near-UV white light-emitting diodes. J Mater Chem C 3:11219–11227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Han XH, Cao GZ, Pratum T, Schwartz D, Lutz B (2001) Synthesis and properties of Er3+-doped silica glass by sol–gel processing with organic complexation. J Mater Sci 36:985–993.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004836225856 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Du P, Yu JS (2015) Dual-enhancement of photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence in Eu3+-activated SrMoO4 phosphors by Na+ doping. RSC Adv 5:60121–60127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Lab of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and EngineeringNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Vietnam National University of ForestryHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Heilongjiang Forest Botanical GardenHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations