When a defect is a pathway to improve stability: a case study of the L12 Co3TM superlattice intrinsic stacking fault
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Effect of solutes of transition metals (TM = Cr, Fe, Hf, Mn, Mo, Nb, Ni, Pt, Rh, Ru, Re, Ta, Ti, V, W, Y and Zr) on the local phase transition between the L12 and D019 structures in superlattice intrinsic stacking fault (SISF) of Co3TM has been investigated. All the models employed herein, i.e. (1) the SISF-containing supercell, (2) the axial nearest-neighbor Ising (ANNI) model, and (3) both the L12- and D019-containing (L12 + D019) supercell, yield the same result regarding the stability of SISF in L12-type Co3TM. In the view of bonding charge density, the atomic and electronic basis of local D019 phase transition in the SISF fault layers of Co3TM are revealed. Especially, the negative SISF energy predicted by the L12 + D019 model suggests that both the SISF fault layers (i.e. the local D019 structure) and the L12 phase of Co3TM can be stabilized through a coupling interaction between the fault layers and the solutes, paving a pathway to stabilize Co-base superalloys via Co3TM precipitate. Moreover, the consist results of ESISF via the ANNI model with the classical SISF-supercell method utilized in first-principles calculations supports the approach to efficiently distinguish various planar faults and predict their corresponding energies, such as SISF, superlattice intrinsic stacking fault, anti-phase boundaries, and so on.
This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51771019 and 51690163), project of SKL-AMM-USTB (Grant No. 2016-Z07) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities in China (G2016KY0302). First-principles calculations were carried out on the clusters at the Northwestern Polytechnical University.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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