Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 21, pp 13810–13820 | Cite as

Design of a novel PVDF-HFP/GE tubular nanofiber membranes for ultrafast and continuous oil/water separation

  • Xinya Wang
  • Changfa XiaoEmail author
  • Mingxing Chen
  • Hailiang Liu
  • Fan Zhang
  • Wenpeng Luo
Polymers & biopolymers


A novel polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropyle (PVDF-HFP)/graphene (GE) tubular nanofiber membrane (TNM) for application in continuous oil/water separation was firstly fabricated in this study. The obtained PVDF-HFP/GE TNMs showed outstanding mechanical properties due to the reinforcement of polyester braided tube. In addition, the effect of GE concentrations on membrane structure and performance was investigated by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, hydrophobicity, pore size and its distribution, porosity and liquid entrance pressure. The results showed that, the prepared TNMs had ideal membrane structure and performance with moderate addition of GE. When the GE concentration was 0.03 wt%, the obtained TNMs exhibited a superior selective wettability and could achieve separating surfactant- stabilized water-in-oil emulsion with a remarkable separation rate and separation efficiency.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the research funding provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51673149, 51603146), the industrial chain collaborative innovation major projects of the State Oceanic Administration (BHSF2017-01), the Science and Technology Plans of Tianjin (Nos. 15PTSYJC00240, 18PTSYJC00170). The authors also acknowledge the financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3798_MOESM1_ESM.docx (311 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 311 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (AVI 5009 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, National Center for International Joint Research on Separation Membranes, School of Material Science and EngineeringTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Textile and GarmentsHebei University of Science and TechnologyShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China

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