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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 16, pp 11024–11036 | Cite as

CoOx/MoOy-anchored multi-wrinkled biomass carbon as a promising material for rapidly selective methyl blue removal

  • Lu Yang
  • Yanhua Wang
  • Aihua Liu
  • Yang ZhangEmail author
Chemical routes to materials
  • 205 Downloads

Abstract

A novel biomass carbon doped with dual-metal oxide mischcrystal (cobalt oxide and molybdenum oxide) was synthesized by using Enteromorpha (EP) of marine algae as carbon source. Multi-wrinkles biomass carbon (MWBC) with magnetic properties was obtained and formed highly dispersed CoOx/MoOy nanoparticles onto the surface of MWBC in situ via a simple impregnation and direct carbonization at 700 °C. The framework of CoOx/MoOy@MWBC was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The as-prepared CoOx/MoOy@MWBC was applied as efficient adsorbents for selective removal methyl blue (MB) at pH 10 from water medium. For comparison, single metal-derived porous carbon, i.e., CoOx@MWBC and MoOy@MWBC, was also synthesized, characterized and tested for MB adsorption. The results exhibited that CoOx/MoOy@MWBC has the highest MB adsorption capacity (1587.3 mg g−1) and excellent selectivity. In addition, it could be easily separated from water by an external magnetic field without any organic reagent added. Adsorption equilibrium data were described by Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, and kinetic data were described by pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion model. Moreover, CoOx/MoOy@MWBC also owned outstanding stability and renewability, which can be regenerated by an easy-going method of ethanol washing and reused at least 10 times without a significant loss in removal percentage.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81673172, 21475144 and 91227116), Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2018M642615), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong province (ZR2017BB053) and Major Program of Shandong Province Natural Science Foundation (ZR2018ZC0125) are highly appreciated.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3612_MOESM1_ESM.doc (987 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 987 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biosensing, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringQingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Life SciencesQingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of MedicineQingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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