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Polymer salt-derived carbon-based nanomaterials for high-performance hybrid Li-ion capacitors

  • Yunpeng Yang
  • Huanlei WangEmail author
  • Wei Liu
  • Jing Shi
  • Guanghe Dong
  • Hao Zhang
  • Dong Li
  • Gaofei Lu
Energy materials

Abstract

Li-ion capacitors (LICs) combine the merits of supercapacitors and batteries, which are usually fabricated by battery-type anode and supercapacitor-type cathode. The main challenge for LICs is to make kinetics balance between anode and cathode. Herein, we created a LIC based on superabsorbent polymer salt-derived carbon-based nanomaterials. By annealing the Mn2+ adsorbed polymer salt precursor, the obtained MnO/C anode with a high specific surface area of 762 m2 g−1 displays a high capacity of 540 mAh g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 and an excellent capacity retention of 80% after 500 cycles. The hierarchical porous carbon cathode is generated by the combined carbonization and KOH activation techniques, which exhibits an excellent capacitive storage performance. After well-matched capacity and kinetic behavior in both anode and cathode, the LIC possesses a high energy density of 97.3 Wh kg−1 and a superior cycle life with 80% capacity retention after 10000 cycles. This work gives a case study to fabricate high-performance energy storage devices by using environmentally friendly electrodes.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21471139, and 51402272) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 201822008).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3423_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1524 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina

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