Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 9, pp 7078–7086 | Cite as

Synthesis of porous polymer-based metal–organic frameworks monolithic hybrid composite for hydrogen storage application

  • Lerato Y. Molefe
  • Nicholas M. MusyokaEmail author
  • Jianwei Ren
  • Henrietta W. Langmi
  • Patrick G. Ndungu
  • Robert Dawson
  • Mkhulu Mathe
Energy materials


Herein, we report a simple method for the preparation of cross-linked polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1)/Materials Institute Lavoisier chromium (III) terephthalate [MIL-101(Cr)] monoliths which involves direct impregnation of PIM-1 with MIL-101(Cr) powder by physical mixing in tetrachloroethane solvent. This procedure yields monoliths with high metal–organic framework (MOF) loading weight percentages of up to 80 wt% of MIL-101 powder with little loss of composite mechanical strength. From the nitrogen adsorption isotherms, it was observed that the PIM-1/80 wt% MIL-101(Cr) had good retention of MOF filler surface area and accessibility of its micropores with nearly no pore blocking effects. The hydrogen adsorption was also not far from the estimated hydrogen uptake capacity based on the MIL-101 weight percentage estimation. As a consequence of the highly porous nature of the hybrid material, PIM-1/MIL-101(Cr) composite has been considered as a promising material for inclusion in hybrid hydrogen storage cylinders. Moreover, these composites provided better handling compared to the crystalline powder MOFs without compromising the properties of MOF.



The authors acknowledge financial support from the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of South Africa towards HySA Infrastructure (Grant No. EIMH01X), National Research Foundation (NRF) for NM Musyoka’s Y-rated researcher development grant (Grant No. EIMH05X) and the Royal Society—DFID Africa Capacity Building Initiative Programme Grant (Grant No. AQ150029).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There are no conflicts of interest to declare.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HySA Infrastructure Centre of Competence, Energy Centre, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)Brummeria, PretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Energy Sensors and Multifunctional Nanomaterials Research Group, Department of Applied ChemistryUniversity of Johannesburg, Doornfontein CampusJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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