Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 4056–4072 | Cite as

Design and energy transfer mechanism for single-phased Gd2MgTiO6: Bi3+, Eu3+ tunable white light-emitting phosphors

  • Wei Chen
  • Zhicong Liu
  • Linli Shen
  • Chenyang Shen
  • Ling Ding
  • Zelong Zhang
  • Huiling Zhang
  • Weidong XiangEmail author
  • Xiaojuan LiangEmail author
Electronic materials


In recent years, numerous efforts have been made to develop single-phased white light-emitting phosphors for the near-UV region to solve problems of color reabsorption and ratio regulation between different phosphors. In this work, we have designed Bi3+- and Eu3+-codoped single-phased Gd2MgTiO6 phosphors to achieve tunable white light emission based on multi-luminescence center energy transfer. The structural analysis showed that all the samples were crystallized as a monoclinic double perovskite with the P21/n symmetry space group (No. 14), with HRTEM images showing clear lattice fringes between the lattice planes. The single Bi3+-doped Gd2MgTiO6 sample exhibits two obvious emission peaks at 417 and 508 nm, which correspond to a characteristic 3P1 → 1S0 transition for the Bi3+ ions under near-UV excitation due to two types of Bi3+ emission centers, with their relative emission intensity depending closely on the value of the excitation wavelength. In this case, a suitable choice of excitation wavelength can achieve tunable emission for Gd2MgTiO6: Bi3+ between blue and green. Eu3+ is codoped into Gd2MgTiO6 as a red emission component and shows sharp emission lines that correspond to the characteristic 5D0 → 7FJ (J = 1, 2, 3, and 4) transitions of Eu3+ ions. Energy transfer in Gd2MgTiO6: Bi3+, Eu3+ has been confirmed by the electric dipole–dipole (d–d) interaction from Bi3+ to Eu3+. Our experiments show that it is straightforward to create tunable white light emission by adjusting the excitation scheme and Eu3+ concentration. Moreover, a schematic for the energy transfer mechanism and simplified spectral levels based on Bi3+ and Eu3+ ions has also been established.



We acknowledge the financial support received from the Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51472183 and 51672192).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life and Environmental ScienceWenzhou UniversityWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Materials EngineeringWenzhou UniversityWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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