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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 4011–4023 | Cite as

Plasma-produced ZnO nanorod arrays as an antireflective layer in c-Si solar cells

  • Feifei Huang
  • Bin Guo
  • Shuai Li
  • Junchi Fu
  • Ling Zhang
  • Guanhua Lin
  • Qinru Yang
  • Qijin Cheng
Electronic materials
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, we develop a simple customized radio-frequency plasma-enhanced horizontal tube furnace deposition system to directly grow high-quality ZnO nanorod arrays on zinc films and investigate their application as an antireflective layer in n+pp+ monocrystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. Field emission scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, and transmission electron microscope studies reveal that ZnO nanorod arrays feature a perfect crystalline wurtzite structure and grow preferentially along [0001] direction. The antireflective performance of ZnO nanorod arrays is confirmed by Fresnel coefficient matrix method and MATLAB software calculation. Furthermore, PC1D simulation demonstrates that the photovoltaic property for c-Si solar cells of the pyramid-textured front surface using ZnO nanorod arrays as an antireflective layer is much better than that for the other three types of c-Si solar cells (i.e., c-Si solar cells of the pyramid-textured front surface without using any antireflective layer, c-Si solar cells of the planar front surface using ZnO nanorod arrays as an antireflective layer, as well as c-Si solar cells of the planar front surface without using any antireflective layer). In particular, the photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 20.23% has been achieved for c-Si solar cells of the pyramid-textured front surface using ZnO nanorod arrays as an antireflective layer. This work is highly relevant to the development of an advanced process for the realization of high-efficiency, low-cost, and stable solar cells.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee (Grant No. JCYJ20170306141238532; Project name: Research on the fabrication of graphene nanowalls and relevant application in the Si-based heterojunction solar cells), China.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feifei Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bin Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuai Li
    • 3
  • Junchi Fu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ling Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guanhua Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qinru Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qijin Cheng
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of EnergyXiamen UniversityXiamenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shenzhen Research Institute of Xiamen UniversityShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Physics and Information EngineeringQuanzhou Normal UniversityQuanzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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