Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 2876–2884 | Cite as

Cu2O concave hexapod microcrystals: selective facet etching and highly improved photocatalytic performance

  • Pengwei LiEmail author
  • Lina Liu
  • Dongjie Qin
  • Cuixian Luo
  • Gang Li
  • Jie Hu
  • Huabei Jiang
  • Wendong Zhang
Chemical routes to materials

Abstract

In this work, a unique Cu2O hexapod microcrystal with {100} facets etched concave structure has been successfully synthesized by a facile oxide etching method. Air and chloride ion were employed as etchant and shape controller agent, respectively. For the facet-selective adsorption of chloride ions on {110} and {111} planes, the oxide molecules may prefer to act on {100} facets and induced the concave structure formation, along the [100] zone axis. The {100} facets selectively etched Cu2O concave hexapod microcrystal exhibited highly improved photocatalytic activities (2.2 times) than that of basic structure, and displayed facet-dependent characteristics, which made them promising candidates for photocatalysts and sensing materials.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11602159, 51205276, and 61474079), the Special Talents in Shanxi Province (Grant No. 201605D211020), the Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (Grant No. 2016136) and the 2018 Study Abroad Program for the University-Sponsored Young Teachers.

Authors’ contributions

Pengwei Li: Conceived and designed the study, revised and rewrote the paper. Lina Liu: Performed most of the experiments, wrote the manuscript. Dongjie Qin: Assisted in synthesis of Cu2O materials. Cuixian Luo: Reviewed and edited the manuscript. Gang Li: Reviewed and edited the manuscript. Jie Hu: Reviewed and edited the manuscript. Huabei Jiang: Reviewed and edited the manuscript. Wendong Zhang: Reviewed and edited the manuscript. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_3031_MOESM1_ESM.docx (910 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 909 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Heo H, Lee MH, Yang J, Wee HS, Lim J, Hahm D, Yu JW, Bae WK, Lee WB, Kang MS, Char K (2017) Assemblies of colloidal CdSe tetrapod nanocrystals with lengthy arms for flexible thin-film transistors. Nano Lett 17(4):2433–2439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fiore A, Mastria R, Lupo MG, Lanzani G, Giannini C, Carlino E, Morello G, De Giorgi M, Li Y, Cingolani R, Manna L (2009) Tetrapod-shaped colloidal nanocrystals of II-VI semiconductors prepared by seeded growth. J Am Chem Soc 131(6):2274–2282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liu HN, Xu YL, Qin Y, Sanderson W, Crowley D, Turner CH, Bao YP (2013) Ligand-directed formation of gold tetrapod nanostructures. J Phys Chem C 117(33):17143–17150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang JJ, Singh A, Liu P, Singh S, Coughlan C, Guo YN, Ryan KM (2013) Colloidal synthesis of Cu2SnSe3 tetrapod nanocrystals. J Am Chem Soc 135(21):7835–7838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang H, He L, Wang LH, Hu PF, Guo L, Han XD, Li JH (2012) Facile synthesis of Ag3PO4 tetrapod microcrystals with an increased percentage of exposed 110 facets and highly efficient photocatalytic properties. CrystEngComm 14(24):8342–8344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim DY, Yu T, Cho EC, Ma YY, Park OO, Xia YN (2011) Synthesis of gold nano-hexapods with controllable arm lengths and their tunable optical properties. Angewandte Chemie Int Edition 50(28):6328–6331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cho YS, Huh YD (2013) Preparation of uniform hexapod Cu2O and hollow hexapod CuO. Bull Korean Chem Soc 34(10):3101–3104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xiong YL, Ma YL, Li JJ, Huang JB, Yan YC, Zhang H, Wu JB, Yang DR (2017) Strain-induced Stranski-Krastanov growth of Pd@Pt core-shell hexapods and octapods as electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation. Nanoscale 9(31):11077–11084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang LM, Liu B, Ran SH, Huang HT, Wang XF, Liang B, Chen D, Shen GZ (2012) Nanorod-assembled Co3O4 hexapods with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem 22(44):23541–23546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zheng XZ, Han J, Fu Y, Deng Y, Liu YY, Yang Y, Wang T, Zhang LW (2018) Highly efficient CO2 reduction on ordered porous Cu electrode derived from Cu2O inverse opals. Nano Energy 48:93–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li L, Zhang R, Vinson J, Shirley EL, Greeley JP, Guest JR, Chan MKY (2018) Imaging catalytic activation of CO2 on Cu2O (110): a first-principles study. Chem Mater 30(6):1912–1923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sun Y, Yu X, Jin ZS, Liu JW, Li ZH (2018) Synthesis of mix-faceted Cu2O nanoparticles with tunable 111 and 100 facet ratios for enhanced photocatalytic activity. Micro Nano Lett 13(1):135–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang AY, He YY, Lin T, Huang NH, Xu Q, Feng JW (2017) A simple strategy to refine Cu2O photocatalytic capacity for refractory pollutants removal: roles of oxygen reduction and Fe(II) chemistry. J Hazard Mater 330:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Su Y, Li HF, Ma HB, Robertson J, Nathan A (2017) Controlling surface termination and facet orientation in Cu2O nanoparticles for high photocatalytic activity: a combined experimental and density functional theory study. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9(9):8100–8106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tan YB, Jia ZQ, Sun JY, Wang YZ, Cui ZH, Guo XX (2017) Controllable synthesis of hollow copper oxide encapsulated into N-doped carbon nanosheets as high-stability anodes for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 5(46):24139–24144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang LL, Zhang R, Zhou TT, Lou Z, Deng JN, Zhang T (2017) P-type octahedral Cu2O particles with exposed 111 facets and superior CO sensing properties. Sens Actuators B Chem 239:211–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wozniak-Budych MJ, Przysiecka L, Maciejewska BM, Wieczorek D, Staszak K, Jarek M, Jesionowski T, Jurga S (2017) Facile synthesis of sulfobetaine-stabilized Cu2O nanoparticles and their biomedical potential. ACS Biomater Sci Eng 3(12):3183–3194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ghosh S, Das R, Naskar MK (2016) Morphological evolution of hexapod Cu2O microcrystals by a rapid template-free autoclaving technique. Mater Lett 183:325–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang LF, Chu DQ, Wang LM (2015) Porous hexapod CuO nanostructures: precursor-mediated fabrication, characterization, and visible-light induced photocatalytic degradation of phenol. Mater Lett 160:246–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kang WP, Liu FL, Su YL, Wang DJ, Shen Q (2011) The catanionic surfactant-assisted syntheses of 26-faceted and hexapod-shaped Cu2O and their electrochemical performances. CrystEngComm 13(12):4174–4180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ho JY, Huang MH (2009) Synthesis of submicrometer-sized Cu2O crystals with morphological evolution from cubic to hexapod structures and their comparative photocatalytic activity. J Phys Chem C 113(32):14159–14164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhao ZL, Wang X, Si JQ, Yue CT, Xia CG, Li FW (2018) Truncated concave octahedral Cu2O nanocrystals with hkk high-index facets for enhanced activity and stability in heterogeneous catalytic azide-alkyne cycloaddition. Green Chem 20(4):832–837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liu C, Chang YH, Chen JN, Feng SP (2017) Electrochemical synthesis of Cu2O concave octahedrons with high-index facets and enhanced photoelectrochemical activity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9(44):39027–39033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang X, Liu C, Zheng BJ, Jiang YQ, Zhang L, Xie ZX, Zheng LS (2013) Controlled synthesis of concave Cu2O microcrystals enclosed by hhl high-index facets and enhanced catalytic activity. J Mater Chem A 1(2):282–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shi J, Li J, Huang XJ, Tan YW (2011) Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of regularly shaped Cu2O nanowire polyhedra. Nano Res 4(5):448–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Han L, Yu XY, Lou XW (2016) Formation of prussian-blue-analog nanocages via a direct etching method and their conversion into Ni-Co-mixed oxide for enhanced oxygen evolution. Adv Mater 28(23):4601–4605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kuo C-H, Huang MH (2008) Fabrication of truncated rhombic dodecahedral Cu2O nanocages and nanoframes by particle aggregation and acidic etching. J Am Chem Soc 130(38):12815–12820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chen L, Ji F, Xu Y, He L, Mi YF, Bao F, Sun BQ, Zhang XH, Zhang Q (2014) High-yield seedless synthesis of triangular gold nanoplates through oxidative etching. Nano Lett 14(12):7201–7206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sui YM, Fu WY, Zeng Y, Yang HB, Zhang YY, Chen H, Li YX, Li MH, Zou GT (2010) Synthesis of Cu2O nanoframes and nanocages by selective oxidative etching at room temperature. Angew Chemie Int Edition 49(25):4282–4285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shang Y, Sun D, Shao Y, Zhang D, Guo L, Yang S (2012) A facile top-down etching to create a Cu2O jagged polyhedron covered with numerous 110 edges and 111 corners with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Chem a Eur J 18(45):14261–14266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xie SF, Zhang H, Lu N, Jin MS, Wang JG, Kim MJ, Xie ZX, Xia YN (2013) Synthesis of rhodium concave tetrahedrons by collectively manipulating the reduction kinetics, facet-selective capping, and surface diffusion. Nano Lett 13(12):6262–6268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chen K, Xue D (2011) Nanoscale surface engineering of cuprous oxide crystals: the function of chloride. Nanosci Nanotechnol Lett 3(3):383–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kim MH, Lim B, Lee EP (2008) Polyol synthesis of Cu2O nanoparticles: use of chloride to promote the formation of a cubic morphology. J Mater Chem 18(34):4069–4073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pradhan D, Leung KT (2008) Controlled growth of two-dimensional and one-dimensional ZnO nanostructures on indium tin oxide coated glass by direct electrodeposition. Langmuir 24(17):9707–9716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pradhan D, Sindhwani S, Leung KT (2010) Parametric study on dimensional control of ZnO nanowalls and nanowires by electrochemical deposition. Nanoscale Res Lett 5(11):1727–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Li H, Yu K, Li C, Guo B, Lei X, Fu H, Zhu Z (2015) Novel dual-petal nanostructured WS2@MoS2 with enhanced photocatalytic performance and a comprehensive first-principles investigation. J Mater Chem A 3(40):20225–20235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Liu J, Yang SL, Wu W, Tian QY, Cui SY, Dai ZG, Ren F, Xiao XH, Jiang CZ (2015) 3D flowerlike alpha-Fe2O3@TiO2 core-shell nanostructures: general synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic performance. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 3(11):2975–2984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Manna G, Bose R, Pradhan N (2014) Photocatalytic Au-Bi2S3 heteronanostructures. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 53(26):6743–6746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Guo YN, Li H, Chen J, Wu XJ, Zhou L (2014) TiO2 mesocrystals built of nanocrystals with exposed 001 facets: facile synthesis and superior photocatalytic ability. J Mater Chem 2(46):19589–19593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Niu P, Zhang LL, Liu G, Cheng HM (2012) Graphene-like carbon nitride nanosheets for improved photocatalytic activities. Adv Funct Mater 22(22):4763–4770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mishra AK, Pradhan D (2016) Morphology controlled solution-based synthesis of Cu2O crystals for the facets-dependent catalytic reduction of highly toxic aqueous Cr(VI). Cryst Growth Des 16(7):3688–3698CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Information and Computer, Micro-Nano System Research CenterTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Biomedical Optics Laboratory, Department of Medical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

Personalised recommendations