Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 671–682 | Cite as

MoO3/BiVO4 heterojunction film with oxygen vacancies for efficient and stable photoelectrochemical water oxidation

  • Yaqi Chen
  • Minji Yang
  • Jinyan Du
  • Gaili Ke
  • Xiaohui Zhong
  • Yong Zhou
  • Faqin Dong
  • Liang Bian
  • Huichao He
Energy materials


Poor charge transfer and separation rate are the major bottlenecks for the activity and stability of BiVO4 photoanode. Here, we introduced oxygen vacancies into MoO3/BiVO4 heterojunction film by post-annealing the film in argon-saturated environment for improving its photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation activity and stability. In comparison with the normal MoO3/BiVO4 film, the MoO3/BiVO4 film with oxygen vacancies is of better PEC water oxidation performance. Specifically, a higher photocurrent density of 4.1 mA/cm2 in 0.1 M Na2SO4 at 1.1 V versus SCE was achieved on the MoO3/BiVO4 film with oxygen vacancies, which is about 200% improved over the normal MoO3/BiVO4 film (1.83 mA cm−2, at 1.1 V versus SCE). In addition, the MoO3/BiVO4 film with oxygen vacancies shows more stable activity and faster kinetics for water oxidation, without significant activity loss for 5 h reaction at 1.23 V versus RHE. The enhanced performance on such a MoO3/BiVO4 film photoanode can be attributed to that the oxygen vacancies accelerate the charge transfer and separation rate between film/electrolyte interface, and thus improve the water oxidation activity and restrain the anodic photocorrosion simultaneously.



The authors acknowledge National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program: 2014CB846003), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41702037), Sichuan Science and Technology Program (2017JY0146 and 2018JY0462), Research Fund of Southwest University of Science and Technology (15zx7104 and 15zx7123).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2863_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1188 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Friendly Energy Materials, Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment and Resource Recycle of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.Ecomaterials and Renewable Energy Research Center, School of PhysicsNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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