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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 14, pp 10554–10568 | Cite as

Polymer-infiltrated approach to produce robust and easy repairable superhydrophobic mesh for high-efficiency oil/water separation

  • Xinjuan Zeng
  • Shouping Xu
  • Pihui Pi
  • Jiang Cheng
  • Li WangEmail author
  • Shuangfeng Wang
  • Xiufang WenEmail author
Polymers

Abstract

A superhydrophobic and superoleophilic polymer-infiltrated nanoparticle film-coated stainless-steel mesh (PINF-SSM) was prepared with a novel and facile nature-inspired approach. The approach involves the use of low-cost raw materials and simple spray coating of hydrophobic silica nanoparticles onto stainless-steel mesh (SSM) surface. With acrylic resin pre-coating layer on both surfaces, it is conveniently transformed into an integrated polymer-infiltrated nanoparticle film on SSM after annealing above the resin’s glass transition temperature. The obtained PINF-SSM shows robust superhydrophobicity after multiple cycles rubbing with sandpaper, long-term UV irradiation, long-term storage, and exposure to strong acidic, alkaline, and saline solutions. The as-prepared PINF-SSM was successfully used to separate various oil/water mixtures with high-efficiency for at least 50 cycles and collect oil slick on water surface efficiently. Sequential coating thermoplastic acrylic resin and hydrophobic silica nanoparticles on the surface of SSM allow for extended storage time of the coating materials, easy resin processing with high silica content, quick repairing, and easy recovery of the superhydrophobic surface, making it suitable in various oil/water separation practices.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21176091, 21376093 and 51476059).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2314_MOESM1_ESM.docx (34.4 mb)
Supplementary SEM images, EDS spectra, photographs of water splashing and water jet on the PINF-SSM surface and PINF-SSM piece immersed in water; photographs of water intrusion pressure measurement and oil collecting basket. (DOCX 35239 kb)

Movie S1, Water jet test on the PINF-SSM surface (mpg) (MPG 1384 kb)

Movie S2, Oil/water separation test (mpg) (MPG 9005 kb)

10853_2018_2314_MOESM4_ESM.mpg (9.6 mb)
Movie S3, Water intrusion pressure measurement (mpg) (MPG 9783 kb)

Movie S4, Continuous oil collecting process (mpg) (MPG 8354 kb)

Movie S5, Water jet test on oil collector surface before repair (mpg) (MPG 10462 kb)

Movie S6, Water jet test on oil collector surface after repair (mpg) (MPG 5424 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.South China Institute of Environmental SciencesThe Ministry of Environment Protection of PRCGuangzhouChina

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