Polymer-derived SiCN ceramics as fillers for polymer composites with high dielectric constants
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High-dielectric-constant (high-ε) ceramic/polymer composites are an important class of advanced functional materials due to their applications in energy storage fields, such as embedded capacitors. Here, we synthesized novel polymer-derived silicon carbonitride (SiCN)-filled polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) composites by the tape-casting method. For comparison, commercial BaTiO3-filled PVDF composites were synthesized following the same process. The SiCN/PVDF composites showed much higher ε than the BaTiO3/PVDF composites over a broad frequency range (10−1–106 Hz). Furthermore, the SiCN/PVDF composites showed ultrahigh ε at low frequencies. The ε of the 40 vol% SiCN/PVDF composite was as high as 2600 at 10−1 Hz. Although the dielectric breakdown strengths of the SiCN/PVDF composites were slightly lower than those of the BT/PVDF composites, the calculated maximum energy storage density of the 40 vol% SiCN/PVDF composites (17.5 J cm−3) was much higher than that of 40 vol% BT/PVDF (0.773 J cm−3) at 10−1 Hz. This is the first report on the use of polymer-derived ceramics as a component of ceramic/polymer composites. The results indicate that the polymer-derived SiCN ceramics can serve as promising ceramic fillers for high-ε composites and that the obtained SiCN-filled composites have promising applications in energy storage fields.
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51372202, #51602264, #51532003, and #51732009) and the Science and Technology Project in Sichuan Province (2016JY0112).