Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 6552–6564 | Cite as

Diffusion bonding of nickel-based superalloy GH4099 with pure nickel interlayer

  • Jiangtao XiongEmail author
  • Lin Yuan
  • Yuan Zhu
  • Hao Zhang
  • Jinglong Li
Metals
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

The nickel-based superalloy GH4099 was diffusion-bonded with 2–10 μm thick pure nickel interlayer. The joint microstructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, electron probe micro-analyzer and electron backscattered diffraction; the joint mechanical properties were evaluated by nanoindentation, tensile and Charpy impact tests. It was observed that with the reduction in interlayer thickness, element distribution and hardness across the joining interface became more homogeneous and subsequently produced sound joints due to the suppression of precipitated carbides on joining interface. The strengths of joints were in the range of the base metal as-received. When bonding time or temperatures increased, the bond line of the 2 μm interlayer joint was partially eliminated by the recrystallization across the joining interface, and the strength and elongation (or the absorbed energy) of the joint were same as (or close to) the base metal which underwent the same heating process. However, due to the microstructure degradation induced by the grain coarsening, the absorbed energy of the 2 μm interlayer joint reaches the maximum when the joint bonded under the moderate condition of 1120 °C and 90 min.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the research fund of the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Grant Nos. 51575451, 51475376 and U1737205) and the State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing (NWPU, China) (Grant No. 141-TZ-2016).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Pang M, Yu G, Wang HH, Zheng CY (2008) Microstructure study of laser welding cast nickel-base superalloy K418. J Mater Process Tech 207:271–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yan F, Liu S, Hu C, Wang C, Hu X (2017) Liquation cracking behavior and control in the heat affected zone of GH909 alloy during Nd: YAG laser welding. J Mater Process Technol 244:44–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chamanfar A, Jahazi M, Bonakdar A, Morin E, Firoozrai A (2015) Cracking in fusion zone and heat affected zone of electron beam welded Inconel-713LC gas turbine blades. Mater Sci Eng A Struct 642:230–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lin TS, Li HX, Peng H, Yang X, Huang YD, Li L, Han L (2012) Effect of bonding parameters on microstructures and properties during TLP bonding of Ni-based super alloy. T Nonferr Met Soc 22:2112–2117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pouranvari M, Ekrami A, Kokabi AH (2013) Transient liquid phase bonding of wrought IN718 nickel based superalloy using standard heat treatment cycles: microstructure and mechanical properties. Mater Design 50:694–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shakerin S, Omidvar H, Mirsalehi SE (2016) The effect of substrate’s heat treatment on microstructural and mechanical evolution of transient liquid phase bonded IN-738 LC. Mater Design 89:611–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ravisankar B, Krishnamoorthi J, Ramakrishnan SS, Angelo PC (2009) Diffusion bonding of SU 263. J Mater Process Technol 209:2135–2144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sah I, Kim D, Lee HJ, Jang C (2013) The recovery of tensile ductility in diffusion-bonded Ni-base alloys by post-bond heat treatments. Mater Design 47:581–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang G, Chandel RS, Seow HP (2001) Solid state diffusion bonding of Inconel 718. Sci Technol Weld Join 6:235–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang J, Liu SZ, Wang XF, Ji CB, Zou JW (2014) HIP diffusion bonding of FGH96-DD6 dual Alloys. Mater Res Innov 18:429–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Basuki WW, Kraft O, Aktaa J (2012) Optimization of solid-state diffusion bonding of Hastelloy C-22 for micro heat exchanger applications by coupling of experiments and simulations. Mater Sci Eng A Struct 538:340–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sun F, Wang LM, Shao CB, Xu HH, Li PF (2016) Diffusion welding method for improving strength of GH4099 welding joints. Chinese Patent CN105665918 AGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singleton M, Nash P (1989) The C–Ni (carbon–nickel) system. J Phase Equilib 10:121–126Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Qin SX, Zhao RR, Zhang HB, Liu J, Lou SM (2017) Influence of long-term thermal exposure on γ′-phase of GH99 alloy. Trans Mater Heat Treat 38:55–60Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    He YH, Yu GY, Zeng LJ, Li SJ (2003) The composition control and heat treatment of GH99 alloy. Special Steel Technol 8(1):66–71Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kimura Y, Inoue T, Yin F, Tsuzaki K (2008) Inverse temperature dependence of toughness in an ultrafine grain-structure steel. Science 320:1057–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    He J, Dong JX, Zhang MC (2018) Phase transformation of alloy 617B during 10000 h aging: an element redistribution-related process. J Alloys Compd 765:586–594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Strandlund H, Larsson H (2004) Prediction of Kirkendall shift and porosity in binary and ternary diffusion couples. Acta Mater 52:4695–4703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Campbell CE, Zhao JC, Henry MF (2004) Comparison of experimental and simulated multicomponent Ni-base superalloy diffusion couples. J Phase Equilib Differ 25:6–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chyrkin A, Epishin A, Pillai R, Link T, Nolze G, Quadakkers WJ (2016) Modeling interdiffusion processes in CMSX-10/Ni diffusion couple. J Phase Equilib Differ 37:201–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tang B, Qi XS, Kou HC, Li JS, Milenkovic S (2016) Recrystallization behavior at diffusion bonding interface of high Nb containing TiAl alloy. Adv Eng Mater 18:657–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang C, Li H, Li MQ (2015) Interaction mechanism between void and interface grain boundary in diffusion bonding. Sci Technol Weld Join 20:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li SX, Xuan FZ, Tu ST (2007) In situ observation of interfacial fatigue crack growth in diffusion bonded joints of austenitic stainless steel. J Nucl Mater 366:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Li SX, Xuan FZ, Tu ST, Yu SR (2009) Interfacial failure mechanism of 316LSS diffusion bonded joints. Icf 12:1–10Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Husain MM, Ghosh M (2013) Inhibition of intermetallic formation during diffusion bonding of high-carbon steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 66:1871–1877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mukae S, Nishio K, Katoh M, Nakamura N (1990) Impact characteristics of diffusion bonds of ferritic spheroidal graphite cast iron. Trans JWS 21:41–51Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hanamura T, Yin F, Nagai K (2004) Ductile–Brittle transition temperature of ultrafine ferrite/cementite microstructure in a low carbon steel controlled by effective grain size. ISIJ Int 44:610–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Samuel AM, Doty HW, Valtierra S, Samuel FH (2014) Effect of grain refining and Sr-modification interactions on the impact toughness of Al–Si–Mg cast alloys. Mater Design 56:264–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang C, Wang M, Shi J, Hui W, Dong H (2008) Effect of microstructural refinement on the toughness of low carbon martensitic steel. Scripta Mater 58:492–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Dini G, Najafizadeh A, Ueji R, Monir-Vaghefi SM (2010) Tensile deformation behavior of high manganese austenitic steel: the role of grain size. Mater Design 31:3395–3402CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Friction Welding TechnologiesNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shanghai Institute of Radio EquipmentShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations