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A review of the mechanical and thermal properties of graphene and its hybrid polymer nanocomposites for structural applications

  • Amit Kumar
  • Kamal Sharma
  • Amit Rai Dixit
Review
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

In the present review, the recent progress in describing the intricacies of mechanical and thermal properties of all types of graphene- and modified graphene-based polymer nanocomposites has been comprehensively examined. The effectiveness of microscopy bouquet for the intrinsic characterization of graphene family and their composites was clearly demonstrated in this research. Furthermore, the utility of the dynamic mechanical analysis and thermo-gravimetric analysis employed for thermal characterization that has been reported by various researchers was exhaustively analyzed in this paper. This research primarily focused on the analyses of several good articles concerned with hybrid graphene composites and the synergetic effect of graphene with other nanofiller to assess its effect on the mechanical properties of its corresponding composites. Such systematic analysis of previous literatures imparted a direction to the researchers about the solution of improved interfacial properties as well as the enhanced dispersion into the vicinity of the matrix. This current research has suggested that the presence of the graphene filler even at very low loadings has shown considerable improvement in the overall mechanical properties of graphene. Further studies to optimize the value of the filler need to be addressed in order to gain complete understanding of the properties of graphene. The potential applications, current challenges, and future perspectives pertaining to these nanocomposites were elaborately discussed in the current study with regard to the multi-scale capabilities and promising developments of the graphene-family-based nanocomposites materials.

Abbreviations

0D

Zero-dimensional

1D

One-dimensional

2D

Two-dimensional

3D

Three-dimensional

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

CF

Carbon fiber

GO

Graphene oxide

CNT

Carbon nanotube

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

EP

Epoxy resin

GF

Glass fiber

DGEBA

Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A

f-GNS

Functionalized graphene nanosheet

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

CRPFs

Carbon fiber epoxy composites

PVDF

Poly(vinylidene fluoride)

PI

Polyimide

UTS

Ultimate tensile strength

CFRPs

Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer

RSF

Regenerated silk fibroin

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

PES

Poly(ether sulfone)

NFrGO

Non-covalent functionalized reduced graphene oxide

FG

Functionalized graphene

DETDA

Diethyl toluene diamine

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

PAA

Poly(acrylic acid)

CA

Cellulose acetate

CTE

Coefficient of thermal expansion

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

rGO

Reduced graphene oxide

MWCNT

Multi-walled carbon nanotube

PDMS

Poly-dimethylsiloxane

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

RTM

Resin transfer molding

WPU

Waterborne polyurethane

FGO

Functionalized graphene oxide

Tg

Glass transition temperature

GNPs

Graphene nanoplatelets

f-GNPs

Functionalized graphene nanoplatelets

DMA

Dynamic mechanical analysis

PP

Polypropylene

ILSS

Interlaminar shear strength

IFSS

Interfacial shear strength

PU

Polyurethane

xGnPs

Exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets

PGMA

Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)

TGA

Thermo-gravimetric analysis

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering and TechnologyGLA UniversityMathuraIndia

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