Synergistic effects between Cu metal–organic framework (Cu-MOF) and carbon nanomaterials for the catalyzation of the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP)
- 21 Downloads
In this study, a novel Cu-MOF@Carbon nanomaterial composite was prepared to catalyze the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). The structure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectrum (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD); the specific surface area was estimated by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method; and the pore volumes and pore size distributions were derived from the adsorption branches of isotherms using the Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BJH) model. And the thermal decomposition behavior was investigated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA). The results indicated that all products showed excellent catalytic activity. Among the samples investigated here, Cu-MOF@CNT-rGO exhibited the best catalytic activity, since the high-temperature decomposition peak of AP decreased to 313.8 °C, which is reduced nearly 100 °C than the raw material (409.7 °C). And this was attributed to the high thermal and electrical conductivities of carbon nanomaterials, and the large surface area of both Cu-MOF and carbon nanomaterials. This study provides a new choice to be used as the promising catalysts in modifying the burning performance of AP-based composite propellant.
This work was supported by the Advantage Disciplines Climbing Plan of Shanxi Province and Graduate Education Innovation Project in Shanxi Province (2017BY115).
BY and SW conceived and designed the experiments; WS and QL performed the experiments; SW analyzed the data; CA and JW contributed the reagents/materials/analysis tools; and SW wrote the paper.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 8.Zhang YF, Liu XH, Chen DZ, Yu L, Nie JR, Yi SP, Li HB, Huang C (2011) Fabrication of V(3)O(7)center dot H(2)O@C core-shell nanostructured composites and the effect of V(3)O(7)center dot H(2)O and V(3)O(7)center dot H(2)O@C on decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. J Alloy Compd 509(5):L69–L73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.10.154 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.Vargeese AA (2016) A kinetic investigation on the mechanism and activity of copper oxide nanorods on the thermal decomposition of propellants. Combust Flame 165:354–360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2015.12.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Fertassi MA, Alali KT, Liu Q, Li R, Liu PA, Liu JY, Liu LH, Wang J (2016) Catalytic effect of CuO nanoplates, a graphene (G)/CuO nanocomposite and an Al/G/CuO composite on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. RSC Adv 6(78):74155–74161. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra13261h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 25.Yang XL, Qiao LM, Dai WL (2015) One-pot synthesis of a hierarchical microporous-mesoporous phosphotungstic acid-HKUST-1 catalyst and its application in the selective oxidation of cyclopentene to glutaraldehyde. Chin J Catal 36(11):1875–1885. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(15)60972-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 27.Camille P, Bandosz JT (2011) Synthesis, characterization, and ammonia adsorption properties of mesoporous metal–organic framework (MIL(Fe))–graphite oxide composites: exploring the limits of materials fabrication. Adv Funct Mater 21(11):2108–2117. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201002517 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 34.Zhao WY, Zhang TL, Song NM, Zhang LN, Chen ZK, Yang L, Zhou ZN (2016) Assembly of composites into a core–shell structure using ultrasonic spray drying and catalytic application in the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. RSC Adv 6(75):71223–71231. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA08150A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 35.Liu JX, Wang ZS, Jiang W, Yang Y, Li FS (2007) Preparation of Co3O4/CNTs composites and their catalytic effects on the thermal decomposition of AP and AP/HTPB propellant. Rare Metal Mater Eng 36:649–653Google Scholar
- 36.Liu JX, Jiang W, Wang ZS, Liu Y, Cui P, Li FS (2008) Preparation and catalytic properties of Ni/CNTs and Cu/CNTs nano-composite particles. Rare Metal Mater Eng 37(8):1364–1368Google Scholar