Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 4316–4322 | Cite as

Mechanically ductile 3D spsp 2 microporous carbon

  • Lingyu Liu
  • Meng Hu
  • Yilong Pan
  • Mei Xiong
  • Chao Liu
  • Yang Zhang
  • Kun Luo
  • Zhisheng ZhaoEmail author
  • Guoying Gao
  • Dongli Yu
  • Julong He
Electronic materials


A new spsp 2-hybridized tetragonal carbon allotrope, namely Tetra-carbon, is predicted through the evolutionary particle swarm structural search. Tetra-carbon has a 3D framework composed of sp 2 carbon helixes connected by linear sp carbon chains, similar to the interconnected network of propadienyl groups, which forms the well-proportioned microporous structure. Tetra-carbon is thermodynamically more stable than known graphdiyne and carbyne carbon and also shows mechanical and dynamic stabilities at ambient pressure. Tetra-carbon is a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 3.27 eV and has anisotropic tensile strengths with an unexpected large tensile strain of 0.64 along the [001] direction. Base on the analysis of Poisson’s ratios as well as the tensile strains, it is significantly revealed that Tetra-carbon is a mechanically ductile microporous carbon allotrope in contrast with the known brittle carbons such as diamond, potentially applied in the fields where the ductile metals are available.



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (51421091, 51472213, 51332005, 51525205, and 51672238).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and TechnologyYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoChina
  2. 2.Institut für MaterialwissenschaftTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringJiangxi University of Science and TechnologyGanzhouChina

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