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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 1699–1709 | Cite as

Oxygen ion mobility and conductivity prediction in cubic yttria-stabilized zirconia single crystals

  • Mohammad AsadikiyaEmail author
  • Yu Zhong
Ceramics

Abstract

The CALPHAD (calculation of phase diagrams) approach is applied to predict the oxygen vacancy concentration at different temperatures and yttria concentrations of cubic yttria-stabilized zirconia (c-YSZ) single crystals. The quantitative mobility diagrams of oxygen ions are developed in a wide range of temperature and yttria concentration, using the experimental data from the literature. Therefore, the ionic conductivity of c-YSZ single crystals is predicted, using the mobility and oxygen vacancy concentration. Particularly, the conductivity of low-yttria c-YSZ is predicted by applying the CALPHAD approach for the first time. The conductivity prediction of low-yttria c-YSZ can be crucial, since new applications may be designed based on this new information. The activation energy and pre-exponential factor diagrams versus yttria concentration are also plotted.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the financial support from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (PRF#54190-DNI10). The author M. Asadikiya also acknowledges the Doctoral Evidence Acquisition (DEA) Fellowship from Graduate School of Florida International University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that no conflicts of interest exist for this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Center for the Study of Matter at Extreme Conditions (CeSMEC)Florida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA

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