Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 20, pp 11919–11932 | Cite as

Synthesis of austenitic stainless steel powder alloys by mechanical alloying

  • Ahmed A. Al-Joubori
  • C. SuryanarayanaEmail author
Mechanochemical Synthesis


Fe–18Cr–xNi (x = 8, 12, 13, 15, and 20 wt%) blended elemental powders were subjected to mechanical alloying in a high-energy SPEX shaker mill. The milled powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques. It was shown that the sequence of phase formation in the Fe–18Cr–8Ni, Fe–18Cr–12Ni and Fe–18Cr–13Ni compositions was ferrite in the early stages of milling and then formation of austenite, which eventually transformed to stress-induced martensite on continued milling. The time for the formation of the austenite phase was shorter for the 12Ni and 13Ni powder blends than for the 8Ni powder. However, in the Fe–18Cr–15Ni and Fe–18Cr–20Ni compositions, the initial phase to form was ferrite and then a fully austenitic structure had formed on milling the powder for 10 h. No martensitic transformation occurred in this case on continued milling. The phase formation and microstructural features were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy and diffraction techniques. A new metastable phase diagram was proposed outlining the stability of the austenite phase in ternary Fe–Cr–Ni alloys.


Ferrite Austenite Martensite Milling Austenitic Stainless Steel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Mr. Furkan Türker for assistance with the milling of some samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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