Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 10, pp 6093–6099 | Cite as

Strongly reduced thermal conductivity in hybrid ZnO/nanocellulose thin films

  • Hua Jin
  • Giovanni Marin
  • Ashutosh Giri
  • Tommi Tynell
  • Marie Gestranius
  • Benjamin P. Wilson
  • Eero Kontturi
  • Tekla Tammelin
  • Patrick E. Hopkins
  • Maarit KarppinenEmail author
Original Paper


Utilizing a combination of atomic layer deposition and dip-coating techniques, we have incorporated natural nanocellulose fibers into an inorganic matrix in order to create a layered hybrid inorganic–organic thin-film structure. Such layer-engineered hybrid materials with an unorthodox combination of components are highly potential candidates for exciting new properties. Here, we show a more than an order of magnitude reduction in the cross-plane thermal conductivity for ZnO thin films achieved with the regular inclusion of the cellulose nanofiber layers. We foresee that a similar approach as presented here for ZnO could also be applied to other inorganic materials based on earth-abundant elements to influence their thermal transport properties.


Atomic Layer Deposition Hybrid Film Layered Hybrid Cellulose Nanofibers Hybrid Thin Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The present work has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Advanced Grant Agreement (No. 339478) and ERC Proof-of-Concept Grant Agreement (No. 712738), Academy of Finland (Nos. 259500, 292431, 303452), the Aalto School of Chemical Technology—VTT Forest Meets Chemistry Programme and from the United States Army Research Office (No. W911NF-16-1-0320).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2017_848_MOESM1_ESM.docx (32 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 32 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hua Jin
    • 1
  • Giovanni Marin
    • 1
  • Ashutosh Giri
    • 2
  • Tommi Tynell
    • 1
  • Marie Gestranius
    • 3
  • Benjamin P. Wilson
    • 4
  • Eero Kontturi
    • 4
  • Tekla Tammelin
    • 3
  • Patrick E. Hopkins
    • 2
  • Maarit Karppinen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Materials ScienceAalto UniversityAaltoFinland
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.VTT Technical Research Centre of FinlandEspooFinland
  4. 4.Department of Bioproducts and BiosystemsAalto UniversityAaltoFinland

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