Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 4588–4600 | Cite as

Flexographic printing of nanoparticulate tin-doped indium oxide inks on PET foils and glass substrates

  • Moritz Wegener
  • Dieter Spiehl
  • Hans Martin Sauer
  • Florian Mikschl
  • Xinxin Liu
  • Nadja Kölpin
  • Michael Schmidt
  • Michael P. M. Jank
  • Edgar Dörsam
  • Andreas RoosenEmail author
Original Paper


This contribution deals with flexographic printing of nanoparticulate tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) inks for the manufacture of fine lines on PET foils and glass substrates. The development and optimization of ITO inks, based on solutions of water and ethanol, for the flexographic printing process is presented. The influence of the solvent composition, of the particle content, and of the molar mass of the binder polyvinylpyrrolidone on the printing result is shown. ITO lines with a minimum line width of around 120 μm were printed using a printing plate with a feature size of 50 μm; the ITO lines exhibited a thickness of around 1 μm. Laser post-treatment was used to consolidate the top layer of the nanoparticulate ITO structures resulting in improved electrical properties; low sheet resistance values of around 300 Ω/□ were achieved.


Shear Rate Sheet Resistance Solvent Composition High Surface Tension Printing Plate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The financial support of the German Research Foundation (DFG, Graduiertenkolleg 1161) as well as the support of the ITO powder from our industrial partner Evonik Industries AG, Essen, Germany, is gratefully acknowledged. Furthermore, the authors thank the funding of the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT) by the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the framework of the German excellence initiative. The authors thank Dr. Guoping Bei (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Materials Science, Glass and Ceramics) for recording the FESEM microscope pictures.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moritz Wegener
    • 1
  • Dieter Spiehl
    • 2
  • Hans Martin Sauer
    • 2
  • Florian Mikschl
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xinxin Liu
    • 5
  • Nadja Kölpin
    • 1
  • Michael Schmidt
    • 3
    • 4
  • Michael P. M. Jank
    • 6
  • Edgar Dörsam
    • 2
  • Andreas Roosen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science, Glass and CeramicsUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Printing Science and TechnologyTechnical University of DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Photonic TechnologiesUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  4. 4.Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT)University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  5. 5.Department of Electrical Engineering, Electron DevicesUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  6. 6.Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device TechnologyErlangenGermany

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