Flexographic printing of nanoparticulate tin-doped indium oxide inks on PET foils and glass substrates
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This contribution deals with flexographic printing of nanoparticulate tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) inks for the manufacture of fine lines on PET foils and glass substrates. The development and optimization of ITO inks, based on solutions of water and ethanol, for the flexographic printing process is presented. The influence of the solvent composition, of the particle content, and of the molar mass of the binder polyvinylpyrrolidone on the printing result is shown. ITO lines with a minimum line width of around 120 μm were printed using a printing plate with a feature size of 50 μm; the ITO lines exhibited a thickness of around 1 μm. Laser post-treatment was used to consolidate the top layer of the nanoparticulate ITO structures resulting in improved electrical properties; low sheet resistance values of around 300 Ω/□ were achieved.
KeywordsShear Rate Sheet Resistance Solvent Composition High Surface Tension Printing Plate
The financial support of the German Research Foundation (DFG, Graduiertenkolleg 1161) as well as the support of the ITO powder from our industrial partner Evonik Industries AG, Essen, Germany, is gratefully acknowledged. Furthermore, the authors thank the funding of the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT) by the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the framework of the German excellence initiative. The authors thank Dr. Guoping Bei (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Materials Science, Glass and Ceramics) for recording the FESEM microscope pictures.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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