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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 9, pp 4997–5013 | Cite as

Effect of isolation method on reinforcing capability of recycled cotton nanomaterials in thermoplastic polymers

  • Nasim Farahbakhsh
  • Peiman Shahbeigi-Roodposhti
  • Hasan Sadeghifar
  • Richard A. Venditti
  • Jesse S. Jur
Original Paper

Abstract

Cellulose extracted from recycled pulverized cotton in nanocrystalline cellulose (CNC) and nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) forms is investigated as a reinforcing agent in low-density polyethylene (LDPE) nanocomposites. The effect of extraction processing on the pulverized cotton is shown to influence the degree of crystallinity, morphology, and thermal stability of cellulose nanomaterials. Melt compounding of CNC with LDPE resulted in polymer nanocomposites with no discoloration at 170 °C. Significant differences observed in transparency, mechanical, and thermal properties of LDPE nanocomposite films, are demonstrated to be a result of the microstructure and the content of cellulose nanomaterials. Thermal analysis using thermogravimetric analyzer and differential scanning calorimeter showed higher thermal stability and degree of crystallinity of NFC/LDPE comparing to CNC/LDPE nanocomposite films. Tensile analysis exhibited a higher elastic modulus and tensile strength for the NFC material. 10 wt% of NFC reinforcing agent showed 32% improved strength and higher transparency over the one with CNC.

Keywords

Bacterial Cellulose High Aspect Ratio Percolation Threshold LDPE Nanocomposite Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Cotton Inc. (12-358). The cooperation of MeadWestvaco Company to process NFC-pCot is also greatly appreciated. We also thank Prof. Behnam Pourdeyhimi and the N.C. State Nonwovens Institute for providing LDPE polymer and NCRC characterization facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasim Farahbakhsh
    • 1
  • Peiman Shahbeigi-Roodposhti
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hasan Sadeghifar
    • 4
  • Richard A. Venditti
    • 5
  • Jesse S. Jur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry & ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Materials ScienceUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  4. 4.Department of Wood and Paper ScienceIslamic Azad UniversitySari branchIran
  5. 5.Department of Forest BiomaterialsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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