Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 2232–2240 | Cite as

Microstructure and mechanical properties of Li0.33La0.567TiO3

  • Karl G. Schell
  • Fabian Lemke
  • Ethel C. Bucharsky
  • A. Hintennach
  • M. J. Hoffmann
Original Paper


Mechanical properties of conventional sintered Li0.33La0.567TiO3 (LLTO) are presented with focus on the correlation with the microstructural appearance. Variation in density, grain size, and second phase are achieved by changing the lithium to lanthanum ratio and sintering conditions. All samples show varying amounts of a second phase which is identified as TiO2. These inert particles have no effect on the measured mechanical properties. In contrast, a high sensitivity to changes in the microstructural evolution is found. Therefore, density and grain size are the important microstructural features to control both electrical and mechanical properties. For stoichiometric, a dense LLTO a Young’s modulus of 200 GPa, K IC of 1.2 MPam0.5, and a Vickers hardness of 8.4 GPa are measured. For all dense samples, the characteristic bending strength shows values around 150 MPa and Weibull modulus of m = 7–9. Deviations from these results are explained by microstructural events like second phases, density, or grain size.



The authors thank Mr. Jakob Rohmer for his assistance in processing and characterization of the materials.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl G. Schell
    • 1
  • Fabian Lemke
    • 1
  • Ethel C. Bucharsky
    • 1
  • A. Hintennach
    • 2
  • M. J. Hoffmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Applied Materials – Ceramic Materials and TechnologiesKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Daimler AGStuttgartGermany

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