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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 276–284 | Cite as

High-quality inorganic–organic perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals for photo-detector applications

  • Jianxu DingEmail author
  • Songjie Du
  • Ying Zhao
  • Xiaojun Zhang
  • Zhiyuan ZuoEmail author
  • Hongzhi CuiEmail author
  • Xiaoyuan Zhan
  • Yijie Gu
  • Haiqing Sun
Original Paper

Abstract

Single crystals of organolead trihalide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3) are supposed to be one of the most promising materials as photo-detectors. Because of their large absorption coefficient, long-range balanced electron, and hole-transport lengths, it is considered to break through the responsivity and efficiency. To systematically investigate the potentiality as photo-detector, high-quality CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals with large size are highly demanded. In the paper, large CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals with various crystal shapes were grown from γ-butyrolactone. At optimized precursor concentration and growth temperature, the growth rate was fixed at about 0.2 mm h−1. Under such growth conditions, the growth steps, originated from screw dislocation on (100) facet, were revealed to be about 0.45 nm. This value is corresponded to half of the unit cell, implying the slow growth rate of (100) facet. With slow growth rate, the absorption edge of the CH3NH3PbI3 single crystal was extended to 860 nm, correlated with a calculated bandgap of ~1.44 eV. By depositing a pair of Au electrodes, a metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) photo-detector on the basis of the CH3NH3PbI3 single crystal active layer (3 mm) was fabricated and its photo-response features were investigated systematically. About 2.531 A W−1 responsivity was obtained from the device under 780 nm laser illumination, while the external quantum efficiency reached to 396.20 %, better than some GaN, GaAs, and GaP photo-detectors with a MSM device structure.

Keywords

External Quantum Efficiency Seed Crystal PbI2 Growth Step High Responsivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51202131), the Scientific Research Foundation of Shandong University of Science and Technology for Recruited Talent (No. 2014RCJJ001), the Fund of State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials in Shandong University (No. KF1504), the SDUST Research Fund and Joint Innovative Center for Safe and Effective Mining Technology, the Fundamental Research Funds of Shandong University, and Equipment of Coal Resources, Shandong Province (No. 2014JQJH102).

Supplementary material

10853_2016_329_MOESM1_ESM.docx (11.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 11860 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control Co-founded by Shandong Province and the Ministry of Science and TechnologyShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Advanced Research Center for OpticsShandong UniversityJinanChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanChina

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