Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 18, pp 8271–8295 | Cite as

Graphene-based flame retardants: a review

  • Bin Sang
  • Zhi-wei Li
  • Xiao-hong Li
  • Lai-gui Yu
  • Zhi-jun Zhang


Graphene and its derivatives are potential flame retardant materials with good flame retardant performance; in particular, graphene as an adjuvant in combination with inorganic nanomaterials may be a promising candidate of flame retardant. This review describes the flame retardant mechanism, the development trend, and the classification of graphene-based flame retardants. It points out that graphene has attracted intensive interests in the fields of electronics, energy, and information, due to its excellent properties such as high thermal conductivity, good electron transport ability, and large specific surface area. In the meantime, graphene can change the pyrolysis as well as the thermal conductivity, heat absorption, viscosity and dripping of polymer during the combustion process. In other words, graphene can improve the thermal stability of polymer and delay its ignition, and it can also inhibit fire from spreading and reduce heat release rate.


Graphene Sheet Flame Retardant Char Layer Intumescent Flame Retardant MnCo2O4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors appreciate the financial support from the Ministry of Science and technology of China (973 Program; grant No. 2015CB654703), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant No. 21371050) and the Science and Technology Research Program of Henan Educational Committee (grant No. 16A430001).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center for Applied Technology of Hybrid NanomaterialsHenan UniversityKaifengPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Nano Functional Materials and Applications of Henan ProvinceHenan UniversityKaifengPeople’s Republic of China

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