Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 17, pp 7929–7943 | Cite as

Rationalizing the impact of aging on fiber–matrix interface and stability of cement-based composites submitted to carbonation at early ages

  • G. H. D. TonoliEmail author
  • V. D. Pizzol
  • G. Urrea
  • S. F. Santos
  • L. M. Mendes
  • V. Santos
  • V. M. John
  • M. Frías
  • H. SavastanoJr.
Original Paper


The objective of this work is to show the effect of carbonation at early stages on fiber–cement composites and impact on hydration, chemical and dimension stability. Carbonation increased the content of CaCO3 polymorphs and consumed Ca(OH)2 and other hydrated calcium phases. Micrographs and energy-dispersive spectrometry showed the CaCO3 formed is precipitated in the pore structure of the matrix, decreasing diffusion of Si, S, and Al during hydration. Therefore, a refining process of pore sizes is produced, and fiber–matrix interface in carbonated composites was improved, leading to volume stabilization of the composite, as indicated by lower drying shrinkage and lower porosity.


Cellulose Fiber Calcium Hydroxide Ettringite Hydration Product Cement Composite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks to Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP Process nos. 2012/51467-3; 2013/50790-8; 2013/23810-8; i-LINK program between CSIC and FAPESP Grant nos. 2013/50790-8 and i-Link0675-2013), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes), Infibra S. A., Imbralit Ltda., Research Nucleus on Materials for Biosystems - Biosmat (FZEA/USP), and Rede Brasileira de Compósitos e Nanocompósitos Lignocelulósicos (RELIGAR), in Brazil. Thanks also to the collaboration agreement between the University of São Paulo (FZEA/USP, Brazil) and the State Agency for National Research Council (IETcc-CSIC, Spain) that benefited this present partnership.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. H. D. Tonoli
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. D. Pizzol
    • 1
  • G. Urrea
    • 2
  • S. F. Santos
    • 3
  • L. M. Mendes
    • 1
  • V. Santos
    • 2
  • V. M. John
    • 4
  • M. Frías
    • 5
  • H. SavastanoJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest ScienceUniversidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA)LavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de AlimentosUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)PirassunungaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Materials and Technology, Faculdade de EngenhariaUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)GuaratinguetáBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Construction Engineering, Escola PolitécnicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Science (CSIC)MadridSpain

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