Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 2411–2419 | Cite as

One-step spraying to fabricate nonfluorinated superhydrophobic coatings with high transparency

  • Yong Li
  • Xuehu MenEmail author
  • Xiaotao Zhu
  • Bo Ge
  • Fanjie Chu
  • Zhaozhu ZhangEmail author
Original Paper


Designing multifunctional and fluorinate-free liquid-repellent materials via a facile and scalable method is highly desired. Herein, a transparent, durable, and self-cleaning superhydrophobic coating based on trimethoxypropylsilane-silica nanoparticles sol solution was prepared by one-step process. Once spray deposited on glass substrates, the transparent superhydrophobic self-cleaning glass with high water contact angle (158.5°) as well as low sliding angle (3.9°) was obtained. The transmittance of coated glass substrates is above 80 % in visible-light region (400–800 nm). Moreover, the prepared coatings kept stable superhydrophobicity under extreme environment conditions of high temperature and humidity, high or low temperature, and UV light irradiation. Water droplets could still roll off the obtained surface easily after examined by water impact and lacerating the surface with a knife. In addition, this versatile and environmentally benign approach can be applied on wide substrates readily by using spraying or dipping technique without any extra surface treatments. Therefore, our method may provide extensive applications in optoelectronics, liquid-repellent coatings, and oil–water separation.


Contact Angle Water Droplet Superhydrophobic Surface Coated Glass Substrate Bare Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51335010) and the “Western Action Program.”

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2015_9552_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3441 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (AVI 1599 kb)

Supplementary material 3 (AVI 7989 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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