Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 640–667 | Cite as

CVD growth of 1D and 2D sp2 carbon nanomaterials

  • Jinbo Pang
  • Alicja Bachmatiuk
  • Imad Ibrahim
  • Lei Fu
  • Daniela Placha
  • Grazyna Simha Martynkova
  • Barbara Trzebicka
  • Thomas Gemming
  • Juergen Eckert
  • Mark H. Rümmeli


The discovery of graphene and carbon nanotubes (rolled-up graphene) has excited the world because their extraordinary properties promise tremendous developments in many areas. Like any materials with application potential, it needs to be fabricated in an economically viable manner and at the same time provides the necessary quality for relevant applications. Graphene and carbon nanotubes are no exception to this. In both cases, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has emerged as the dominant synthesis route since it is already a well-established process both in industry and laboratories. In this work, we review the CVD fabrication of graphene and carbon nanotubes. Initially, we briefly introduce the materials and the CVD process. We then discuss pretreatment steps prior to the CVD reaction. The discussion then switches to the CVD process, provides comparative data for thermal CVD and plasma-enhanced CVD, and includes coverage of kinetics, thermodynamics, catalyst choice, and other aspects of growth as well as post production treatments. Finally, conclusions are drawn and presented.


Chemical Vapor Deposition Planar Graphene Catalyst Particle Monolayer Graphene Graphene Flake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



J.P. thanks the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and the DFG (DFG RU1540/15-2). A.B. thanks the National Science Centre for the financial support within the frames of the Sonata Programme (Grant agreement 2014/13/D/ST5/02853). D.P. and G.S.M. thank the IT4 Innovations project reg. no. CZ.1.05./1.1.00/02.0070. The research was supported by the Sino-German Center for Research Promotion (Grant GZ 871). J.E. thanks the German Excellence Initiative via the Cluster of Excellence EXC1056 “Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden” (CfAED).

Authors’ contributions

The manuscript was written through contributions of all authors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinbo Pang
    • 1
  • Alicja Bachmatiuk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Imad Ibrahim
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lei Fu
    • 4
  • Daniela Placha
    • 5
  • Grazyna Simha Martynkova
    • 5
  • Barbara Trzebicka
    • 2
  • Thomas Gemming
    • 1
  • Juergen Eckert
    • 1
    • 3
    • 6
  • Mark H. Rümmeli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.IFW DresdenDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Centre of Polymer and Carbon MaterialsPolish Academy of SciencesZabrzePoland
  3. 3.Center for Advancing Electronics DresdenTU DresdenDresdenGermany
  4. 4.College of Chemistry and Molecular ScienceWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  5. 5.Nanotechnology CentreVSB-Technical University of OstravaOstrava-PorubaCzech Republic
  6. 6.Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Materials ScienceDresdenGermany

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