Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 16, pp 5620–5629 | Cite as

Probing the catalytic activity of bimetallic versus trimetallic nanoshells

  • Thenner S. Rodrigues
  • Anderson G. M. da Silva
  • Alexandra Macedo
  • Bruna W. Farini
  • Rafael da S. Alves
  • Pedro H. C. CamargoEmail author
Original Paper


The synthesis of trimetallic nanoparticles represents an emerging strategy to maximize catalytic performances in noble metal-based catalysts. However, the controllable synthesis of trimetallic nanomaterials as well as the exact role played by the addition of a third metal in their composition over catalytic performances remains unclear. In this paper, we describe the synthesis of trimetallic nanoshells having AgAuPd, AgAuPt, and AgPdPt compositions by a sequential galvanic replacement reaction approach between Ag nanospheres as sacrificial templates and the corresponding metal precursors, i.e., AuCl4 (aq), PdCl4 2− (aq), and/or PtCl6 2− (aq). In each of these systems, the composition could be systematically tuned by varying the molar ratios between Ag and each metal precursor. Nanoshells having Ag56Au28Pd16, Ag78Au9Pt13, and Ag71Pd16Pt13 compositions were employed as model systems to investigate the effect of the addition of the third metal in their composition over the catalytic activities toward the 4-nitrophenol reduction. Our data demonstrate a significant enhancement in conversion percentages and thus the catalytic activities relative to the sum of their bimetallic counterparts, and this increase was dependent on the nature of the metals, corresponding to 826, 135, and 56 % for Ag56Au28Pd16, Ag78Au9Pt13, and Ag71Pd16Pt13 nanoshells relative to their bimetallic analogs. The results presented herein demonstrate the strong correlation between catalytic activity and composition in multimetallic nanoshells, and that the incorporation of a third metal may represent a promising approach to boost catalytic activities for a variety of transformations.


Localize Surface Plasmon Resonance Inductively Couple Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry Metal Precursor Hollow Interior Galvanic Replacement Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) (Grant Numbers 2013/19861-6) and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Grant Number 471245/2012-7). Pedro H. C. Camargo thanks the CNPq for research fellowships. Thenner S. Rodrigues thanks the CAPES, Anderson G. M. da Silva, Alexandra Macedo, and Rafael da S. Alves thank CNPq, and Bruna W. Farini thanks FAPESP, for the fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thenner S. Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Anderson G. M. da Silva
    • 1
  • Alexandra Macedo
    • 1
  • Bruna W. Farini
    • 1
  • Rafael da S. Alves
    • 1
  • Pedro H. C. Camargo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Química Fundamental, Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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