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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 14, pp 4779–4812 | Cite as

Biomaterials for dental implants: current and future trends

  • Donatella DuraccioEmail author
  • Federico Mussano
  • Maria Giulia Faga
Review

Abstract

The urge to replace missing teeth dates back to the origin of medicine. Along history, organic materials, metals, alloys, polymers, glasses, and carbon were used to substitute teeth, but only in the past thirty years was a truly scientific approach implemented introducing the concept of osseointegration. This review aims at recapitulating the materials of choice, the surface modifications, and the most updated research advancements in the field of oral osseointegrated implants. As the accepted clinical standard, commercially pure Titanium, Ti–6Al–4V and, to a lesser extent, zirconium dioxide will be described from the perspective of physical, mechanical, and biological features, together with in vitro, in vivo, and clinical assessment of biocompatibility. Outlines of the researches that are presently conducted in an endeavor to limit the drawbacks of the current technology are also provided. Novel Titanium alloys such as Ti–Zr and Ti–20Nb–10Zr–5Ta, Zr61Ti2Cu25Al12, innovative production methods for non metallic materials as well as ceramic composites will be considered as possible promising candidates for future dental implants

Keywords

Zirconia Dental Implant Titanium Surface Titanium Implant Powder Injection Molding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donatella Duraccio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Federico Mussano
    • 2
  • Maria Giulia Faga
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Agricultural and Earthmoving Machines (IMAMOTER)-CNRTurinItaly
  2. 2.Department of Surgical Sciences CIR Dental SchoolUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

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