Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 2061–2072 | Cite as

Creep behaviour of single hemp fibres. Part II: Influence of loading level, moisture content and moisture variation

  • Violaine Guicheret-Retel
  • Ousseynou Cisse
  • Vincent Placet
  • Johnny Beaugrand
  • Miguel Pernes
  • M. Lamine Boubakar
Original Paper


This work investigates the tensile creep behaviour of single hemp fibres under constant and cyclic loading coupled to constant or variable moisture content environment. Results show that the primary creep strain rate of such fibres decreases with the increasing stress, while the secondary creep strain rate increases. Load cycling at an average load higher than constant creep load produces a large additional extra creep strain and an increase of the creep rate. Both primary and secondary creep strain rates increase with the increasing moisture content. More creep is also observed in cyclic humidity conditions than in a constant environment at the high-humidity. In agreement with some observations on synthetic fibres, we showed that this accelerated creep is only observed for high moisture cycling rates. This mechanosorptive effect is consistent with sorption-induced stress-gradient explanations proposed in literature.


Creep Rate Creep Strain Creep Behaviour Creep Strain Rate Stress Plateau 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Camille Garcin and Jean-Marc Côte from the FEMTO-ST Institute for their assistance with some of the experiments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Violaine Guicheret-Retel
    • 1
  • Ousseynou Cisse
    • 1
  • Vincent Placet
    • 1
  • Johnny Beaugrand
    • 2
    • 3
  • Miguel Pernes
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Lamine Boubakar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Mechanics, FEMTO-ST InstituteUMR CNRS 6174, University of Franche-ComtéBesançonFrance
  2. 2.INRA, UMR 614 Fractionnement des AgroRessources et EnvironnementReimsFrance
  3. 3.Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UMR614 Fractionnement des AgroRessources et EnvironnementReimsFrance

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