Investigation of the internal structure of hemp fibres using optical coherence tomography and Focused Ion Beam transverse cutting
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The use of plant fibres in composite applications requires an efficient characterisation of their mechanical properties and thus an accurate description of their internal structure. The review of literature points out that there is still a lack of data on the organisation and structure of bast fibres. In this study, we propose to investigate the internal structure of hemp fibres using two experimental techniques: Focused Ion Beam (FIB) microscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Results indicate that OCT, a non-destructive and non-invasive technique, is a powerful technique to quickly and easily describe the internal structure of fibres and also to discriminate single fibres from bundle of fibres. In this paper, we also show that among technical hemp fibres and for a same range of external diameters (of about 20–30 μm), two types of internal structures can be observed: (i) elementary fibres with a thick wall and a small lumen and (ii) bundle of small fibres with an external diameter of a few microns. According to data of literature, these two structures were identified as being respectively primary fibres and bundle of secondary fibres. This result is of great importance for the mechanical characterization of the bast hemp fibres. Indeed, this means that during the test campaigns, the batch of isolated fibres is undoubtedly composed of both single primary fibres and bundle of secondary fibres. It certainly participates to the high scattering in results.
KeywordsOptical Coherence Tomography Hemp Middle Lamella Flax Fibre Polarise Light Microscopy
This work was partly supported by the French RENATECH network and its FEMTO-ST technological facility.
Supplementary material 1 (MPG 74803 kb)
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