Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 9, pp 3497–3510 | Cite as

Crystal structure and magnetic properties of CuSb2O4

  • M. T. Atanasova
  • A. M. Strydom
  • C. J. H. Schutte
  • L. C. Prinsloo
  • W. W. FockeEmail author


The crystal structure of a copper antimonite (CuSb2O4) was determined from X-ray powder diffraction data. The structure was solved by simulated annealing in direct space using the Rietveld method. The compound crystallizes in tetragonal symmetry and space group P4 2 bc (106); unit cell parameters a = b = 8.76033(5) Å, c = 5.79786(4) Å, Z = 4, V = 444.947(5) Å3 and density (calc.) = 5.539 g cm−3. The CuO6 polyhedra are strongly elongated due to Jahn–Teller distortion in a [2+2+2] coordination arrangement, i.e. there are two long axial Cu–O1 bonds of 2.447(13) Å and in the equatorial plane there are two intermediate Cu–O2 bonds of 2.07(3) Å and two short Cu–O2 bonds of 1.88(2) Å. The SbO3 pyramidal arrangement is almost regular with Sb–O1 bonds of 1.97(2) Å (2×) and Sb–O2 of 1.959(5) Å. The experimentally obtained Raman spectrum is consistent with values obtained from theoretical modelling studies. The magnetic behaviour of this new compound suggests that it belongs to the class of S = 1/2 Heisenberg chain systems.


Sb2O3 Powder Diffraction Data Physical Property Measurement System Heisenberg Chain Inorganic Crystal Structure Database 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Financial support for this research from AEL Mining Services and the THRIP programme of the Department of Trade and Industry and the National Research Foundation of South Africa is gratefully acknowledged. AMS thanks the NRF (78832) and the URC of UJ for financial assistance.

Supplementary material

10853_2014_8063_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.9 mb)
Crystallographic data in CIF format. X-ray Powder Diffraction Data for CuSb2O4 (Table S.1). Geometric Parameters for CuSb2O4 (Table S.2). Experimental Raman spectra (Figure S.1). Photograph of the CuSb2O4 and CuSb2O6 powders (Figure S.2). TGA-DTA curve for CuSb2O4 heated in air (Figure S.3). Rietveld quantitative results for CuSb2O4 and Sb2O3 (Figure S.4). (DOCX 1939 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. T. Atanasova
    • 1
  • A. M. Strydom
    • 2
    • 3
  • C. J. H. Schutte
    • 4
  • L. C. Prinsloo
    • 5
  • W. W. Focke
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Council for GeosciencePretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Science FacultyUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of SolidsDresdenGermany
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry and Unit for Advanced StudyUniversity of PretoriaHatfieldSouth Africa
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PretoriaHatfieldSouth Africa
  6. 6.Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Applied MaterialsUniversity of PretoriaHatfieldSouth Africa

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