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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 1506–1511 | Cite as

Enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids containing graphene nanoplatelets prepared by ultrasound irradiation

  • Gyoung-Ja LeeEmail author
  • Chang Kyu Rhee
Article

Abstract

Stable ethylene glycol (EG)-based nanofluids containing graphene nanoplatelets (GnPs) were prepared by intensive ultrasonication without any surfactant. The structural properties of the commercially produced GnPs were confirmed using the nitrogen gas adsorption method, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction method, Raman spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. After ultrasound irradiation, the GnP aggregates were broken into thinner and smaller-sized nanosheets, which is beneficial for a stable dispersion. The ultrasonic-treated GnPs showed a constant value of thermal conductivity enhancement, k/k o (= 1.127 ± 0.002) at 2 vol% in the temperature range of 10–90 °C. From the analyses of the thermal conductivities of the GnP nanofluids as functions of GnP concentration and temperature, it was concluded that the thermal conductivity increased as the GnP concentration and the temperature increased. Furthermore, the experimentally measured thermal conductivities of the EG-based GnP nanofluids were much higher than the theoretically calculated values based on the Hamilton–Crosser correlation, which is due to higher specific surface area and two-dimensional structures of the GnPs.

Keywords

Thermal Conductivity Graphene Sheet High Specific Surface Area Stable Dispersion Graphene Nanosheets 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) Project, Republic of Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear Materials Development DivisionKorea Atomic Energy Research InstituteDaejeonKorea

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