Optoelectronic and thermoelectric properties of KAuX5 (X = S, Se): a first principles study
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The electronic structure as well as optical and thermoelectric properties of the orthorhombic polychalcogenides of gold KAuX5 (X = S, Se) compounds have been investigated using full-potential linearized augmented plane wave within the framework of the density functional theory (DFT). The local density approximation (LDA), generalized gradient approximation (GGA) by Perdew, Burke and Ernzerhof (PBE), Engel–Vosko generalized gradient approximation (EV-GGA), and the recently modified Becke–Johnson approximation (mBJ) formalism are used for the exchange correlation energy to calculate the total energy. The results show that KAuX5 (X = S, Se) is a direct band gap semiconductor at Γ–Γ point. The total and partial density of states indicate that the states Au-d, S-p, and Se-p of both compounds have strong contributions to valence band in the energy range from −10 up to 0.0 eV. One can notice from electronic charge density that both compounds show greater iconicity and smaller covalency. Optical properties with photon incident energy up to 14.0 eV have been calculated and analyzed. Important transport properties such as Seebeck coefficients as well as thermal and electrical conductivities and effective mass are obtained and discussed in details.
KeywordsDielectric Function Thermoelectric Property Generalize Gradient Approximation Seebeck Coefficient Optical Conductivity
This work was supported from the project CENAKVA (No. CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0024), the Grant No. 134/2013/Z/104020 of the Grant Agency of the University of South Bohemia. School of Material Engineering, Malaysia University of Perlis, P.O Box 77, d/a Pejabat Pos Besar, 01007 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia.
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