Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 665–672 | Cite as

Hollow carbon nanostructures obtained from hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass

  • Gabriela Borin Barin
  • Iara de Fátima Gimenez
  • Luiz Pereira da Costa
  • Antônio Gomes Souza Filho
  • Ledjane Silva Barreto
Article

Abstract

Here we describe a new method for obtaining carbon nanocages at relatively low temperatures using a low-cost lignocellulosic waste material as carbon precursor. Coconut coir dust has been submitted to hydrothermal carbonization in the presence of clays minerals such as sepiolite, attapulgite, and montmorillonite followed by a demineralization step. Just after hydrothermal treatment, the samples prepared in the absence of the clays presented a sponge-like morphology as typically described for hard-plant tissues submitted to this treatment while the samples heated in the presence of clays were fundamentally heterogeneous. After chemical etching with hydrofluoric acid, the sample free from clays exhibited irregular round-shaped particles with poorly defined cavities. For samples containing clays, on the other hand, the chemical etching lead to well-defined carbon nanocages as long as the particles were successfully etched such as attapulgite and montmorillonite. For sepiolite, however, the presence of residual inorganic particles was observed along with irregularly shaped hollow nanostructures. Finally, Raman measurements revealed the typical features of amorphous carbons.

Keywords

Montmorillonite Lignocellulosic Biomass Hydrothermal Treatment Sepiolite Attapulgite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to CNPq, Capes and Fapitec for financial support. We also thank LNLS (Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory) TEM - MSC13242.

References

  1. 1.
    Hu B, Wang K, Wu L, Yu SH, Antonietti M, Titirici MM (2010) Adv Mater 22:813PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Falco C, Baccile N, Titirici MM (2011) Green Chem 13:3273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Titirici MM, Thomas A, Yu SH, Muller JO, Antonietti M (2007) Chem Mater 19:4205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Falco C, Caballero FP, Baboneau F, Gervais C, Laurent G, Titirici MM, Baccile N (2011) Langmuir 27:14460PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhou CH, Xia X, Lin CX, Tong DS, Beltrami J (2011) Chem Soc Rev 40:5588PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Garrote G, Dominguez H, Parajo JC (1999) Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 57:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Garrote G, Yanez R, Alonso JL, Parajo JC (2008) Ind Eng Chem Res 47:1336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jiang Y, Li X, Wang X, Meng L, Wang H, Peng G, Wang X, Mu X (2012) Green Chem 14:2162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Onda A, Ochi T, Yanagisawa K (2009) Top Catal 52:801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang H, Zhang C, He H, Wang L (2012) J Environ Sci 24:473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bispo TS, Barin GB, Gimenez IF, Barreto LS (2011) Mater Charact 62:143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huang JY, Yasuda H, Mori H (1999) Chem Phys Lett 303:130CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xie K, Qin X, Wang X, Wang Y, Too H, Wu Q, Yang L, Hu Z (2012) Adv Mater 24:3472Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Teng SJ, Wang JN, Wang XX (2011) J Mater Chem 21:5443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saito Y, Yoshikawa T, Inagaki M, Tomita M, Hayashi T (1993) Chem Phys Lett 204:277CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhu HL, Bai YJ, Qi YX, Lun N, Zhu Y (2012) Carbon 50:1871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Suarez M, Garcia-Romero E (2006) Appl Clay Sci 21:154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dresselhaus, Jorio A, Souza Filho AG, Saito R (2010) Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci 368:5355CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriela Borin Barin
    • 1
  • Iara de Fátima Gimenez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luiz Pereira da Costa
    • 3
  • Antônio Gomes Souza Filho
    • 4
  • Ledjane Silva Barreto
    • 1
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de MateriaisUniversidade Federal de SergipeSão CristóvãoBrazil
  2. 2.Departmento de QuímicaUniversidade Federal de SergipeSão CristóvãoBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Tecnologia e PesquisaUniversidade TiradentesAracajuBrazil
  4. 4.Departmento de FísicaUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations