Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 10, pp 3805–3811 | Cite as

Electronic structure, density of electronic states, and the chemical bonding properties of 2,4-dihydroxyl hydrazone crystals (C13H11N3O4)

  • A. H. Reshak
  • H. Kamarudin
  • S. Auluck


Electronic crystal structure, bonding properties, and the electron charge densities of 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde-4-nitrophenylhydrazone (2,4-DHNPH,C13H11N3O4) crystal are theoretically investigated. Calculations are performed with local density approximation, generalized gradient approximation, the Engel–Vosko generalized gradient approximation, and modified Becke–Johnson potential. We present the results of the total and partial (C, N, O, H atoms) density of states. Furthermore, the electronic charge density space distribution contours in the (1 1 0) crystallographic plane, which gives better insight picture of chemical bonding were calculated to understand the effect of hydrogen bonding on the crystal structure of 2,4-DHNP.


Generalize Gradient Approximation Local Density Approximation Electronic Band Structure Conduction Band Minimum Electron Charge Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported from the institutional research concept of the project CENAKVA (No. CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0024), the grant No. 152/2010/Z of the Grant Agency of the University of South Bohemia. The School of Materials Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Perlis, Malaysia. SA would like to thank NPL for financial assistance.

Supplementary material

10853_2013_7181_MOESM1_ESM.cif (12 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (CIF 12 kb)
10853_2013_7181_MOESM2_ESM.cif (2 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (CIF 2 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Complex Systems, FFPW, CENAKVA, University of South Bohemia in CBCeske BudejoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.School of Material Engineering, Malaysia University of PerlisKangarMalaysia
  3. 3.National Physical LaboratoryNew DelhiIndia

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