Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 16, pp 6131–6140 | Cite as

Structure and properties of multi-walled carbon nanotube porous sheets with enhanced elongation

  • G. Mechrez
  • R. Y. Suckeveriene
  • R. Tchoudakov
  • A. Kigly
  • E. Segal
  • M. Narkis
Article

Abstract

In this article, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)/dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid (DBSA) porous sheet networks (PSNs) of enhanced extensibility were developed and characterized. The MWNT/DBSA networks possess failure strains of 8–12 %, markedly higher than the literature reported values of 0.5–4 %. The networks were prepared through micro-filtration of highly dispersed MWNT in DBSA aqueous solutions. The DBSA molecule has two functions: In the dispersion stage, DBSA functions as a dispersant leading to the establishment of stable individually dispersed MWNT, and in the MWNT porous sheet, the presence of DBSA within the nanotubes’ network creates a lubrication-like effect, enhancing the networks’ extensibility. In fact, it was found that DBSA is assembled in two modes within the nanotubes’ network: a fraction which is strongly adsorbed onto the CNT surface, and another fraction entrapped within the network as a DBSA/water solution. It should be noted that the composition of these systems is stable under ambient room temperature conditions. Comparison of MWNT networks prepared from the MWNT/DBSA dispersions and from the same but coagulated before filtration has shown superiority of the non-coagulated systems in relation to structure and mechanical properties. The prepared MWNT/DBSA PSNs of enhanced extensibility were developed without any modification by polymers, and they are characterized by high electrical conductivity and nano-porosity.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Mechrez
    • 1
  • R. Y. Suckeveriene
    • 1
  • R. Tchoudakov
    • 1
  • A. Kigly
    • 1
  • E. Segal
    • 2
  • M. Narkis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringTechnion, IITHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and Food EngineeringTechnion, IITHaifaIsrael

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