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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 16, pp 5970–5977 | Cite as

Mechanical properties of the solid Li-ion conducting electrolyte: Li0.33La0.57TiO3

  • Yong-Hun Cho
  • Jeff Wolfenstine
  • Ezhiylmurugan Rangasamy
  • Hyunjoong Kim
  • Heeman Choe
  • Jeff Sakamoto
Article

Abstract

Li0.33La0.57TiO3 (LLTO) is a potential Li-ion conducting membrane for use in aqueous Li-air batteries. To be in this configuration its mechanical properties must be determined. Dense LLTO was prepared using a solid-state (SS) or sol–gel (SG) procedure and was hot-pressed to yield a high relative density material (>95 %). Young’s modulus, hardness, and fracture toughness of the LLTO-SS and sol–gel LLTO-SG materials was determined and compared to other solid Li-ion conducting electrolytes. The Young’s modulus for LLTO-SG and LLTO-SS was 186 ± 4 and 200 ± 3 GPa, respectively. The Vickers hardness of LLTO-SG and LLTO-SS was 9.7 ± 0.7 and 9.2 ± 0.2 GPa, respectively. The fracture toughness, K IC, of both LLTO-SG and LLTO-SS was ~1 MPa m1/2; the fracture toughness of LLTO-SG was slightly higher than that of LLTO-SS. Both LLTO-SG and LLTO-SS have a Young’s modulus and hardness greater than the other possible solid Li-ion conducting membranes; Li7La3Zr2O12 and Li1+x+y Al x Ti2−x Si y P3−y O12. Based on modulus and hardness hot-pressed LLTO exhibits sufficient mechanical integrity to be used as a solid Li-ion conducting membrane in aqueous Li-air batteries but, its fracture toughness needs to be improved without degrading its ionic conductivity.

Keywords

Fracture Toughness Relative Density High Fracture Toughness Rockwell Hardness Lanthanum Nitrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (2009-0093814) and the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant (KRF-2008-313-D00012). JW would like to acknowledge the support of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL). Authors JS, ER and HK would like to acknowledge support from the Army Research Office (ARO).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Hun Cho
    • 1
  • Jeff Wolfenstine
    • 2
  • Ezhiylmurugan Rangasamy
    • 3
  • Hyunjoong Kim
    • 3
  • Heeman Choe
    • 1
  • Jeff Sakamoto
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Advanced Materials EngineeringKookmin UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Army Research LaboratoryAdelphiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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