Growth of hydrophobic TiO2 on wood surface using a hydrothermal method
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Hydrophobic titanium dioxide (TiO2) was successfully grown on a wood surface using a hydrothermal method. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and water contact angle (WCA) were employed to characterize the features of grown TiO2 and its hydrophobicity. EDS, XRD, and FTIR proved that anatase TiO2 chemically bonded to the wood surface through the combination of hydrogen groups during the hydrothermal process. The values of WCAs manifested that the hydrophobicity of the treated wood was mainly dependent on specific reaction conditions, especially on reaction pH value and hydrothermal temperature. The highest WCA reached 154° when the hydrothermal temperature was 130 °C. The treated wood thus possessed a superhydrophobic surface.
KeywordsTiO2 Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Water Contact Angle Wood Sample Hydrothermal Process
This study was financially supported by the Breeding Plan of Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of Northeast Forestry University (GRAP09) and the Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities of China (B08016).